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Common Finnish Words

A list of the most common Finnish words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Finnish.

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Rank Word Root Meanings
 
1 on 1. v. third-person singular indicative present of olla
     Se on tuolla. - It is there.
     Se on ollut tuolla. - It has been there.
2 ei 1. interj. no! (a negating expression)
2. v. The third-person singular form of the negation verb, used also with impersonal verb forms (see the usage in passive below). The English translations include don’t, doesn’t, not (with auxiliary verbs a
3 ja 1. conj. (coordinating) and
4 se 1. pron. (demonstrative) it; (when the speaker does not point at the thing) that
2. pron. (colloquial) he, she
3. pron. (colloquial) the (see the usage notes below)
5 hän 1. pron. (personal) he, she, one or singular they (only of a human being; the pronoun doesn't determine the sex of the person).
6 mitä 1. pron. partitive singular form of mikä
2. pron. partitive plural form of mikä
3. pron. (interrogative) what, which (as a direct object or as a object of a preposition).
     Mitä sinä teet?
        What are you doing?
7 en 1. v. The first-person singular form of the negation verb. The English translations include do not/don’t and not (with auxiliary verbs and be).
8 että 1. conj. (subordinating) that (conjunction indicating that the subordinate clause of the subject of the verb of the main clause)
     Tiedän, että osaan tehdä sen.
       I know (that) I can do it.
2. conj. (subordinating) Indicates purpose in order to, to, so that
3. conj. as to
9 ole 1. v. indicative present connegative of olla
     (minä) en ole / (me) emme ole
     (sinä) et ole / (te) ette ole
     hän ei ole / he eivät ole
       (I am not / You are not / She/He is not / We are not / You are not / They are not)
10 olen 1. v. first-person singular indicative present of olla
     (Minä) olen lääkäri.
       I am a doctor.
     Olen sokea.
       I'm blind
11 niin 1. adv. so, then, in that case
2. adv. so, to this or that extent
3. adv. very
     Tuo on niin kaunis!
       That is so beautiful!
12 minä 1. pron. (personal) I (1st person singular personal pronoun)
2. n. (psychology) ego.
3. pron. essive singular form of mikä
     Minä sinä minua oikein pidät?
        What do you take me for? (when meaning take sb for sth, pitää requires essive case)
13 mutta 1. conj. (coordinating) but
2. n. ifs, ands, or buts; in a negative phrase, used like noun only in partitive plural (muttia) with qualifier mitään (modifications, limitations, or addenda; qualifications of any kind;
     En halua kuulla mitään muttia!
       I don't want to hear any ifs, ands or buts!
     Ei mitään muttia!
14 vain 1. adv. only, merely, exclusively, solely, just
2. adv. ever, in the phrasal adjective mikä vain
3. adv. whenever, in the phrasal adjective milloin vain
15 sen 1. pron. genitive singular form of se
2. pron. (demonstrative) it (accusative; direct object)
     Voisitko tehdä sen?
       Could you please do it?
3. pron. (demonstrative) its (genitive)
16 oli 1. v. third-person singular indicative past of olla
     Se oli hauskaa.
       It was funny.
17 sinä 1. pron. (personal) you (second person singular, familiar), (in archaic English) thou.
2. pron. essive singular form of se
18 nyt 1. adv. now
19 tämä 1. pron. (demonstrative) this.
20 jos 1. conj. (subordinating) if
21 olet 1. v. second-person singular indicative present of olla
     (Sinä) olet lääkäri.
        You are a doctor.
22 voi 1. n. butter
2. interj. oh
     voi ei! (oh no!)
3. v. third-person singular indicative present of voida
     Hän voi auttaa.
23 kun 1. conj. when, as (temporal: at the same time or instant that)
     Sain viestisi, kun olin jo matkalla lentokentälle.
       I got your message when I was already on my way to the airport.
     Hän ilmestyi antamaan ohjeita, kun olin jo saanut työn valmiiksi.
       He showed up to give instructions when I had already finished the job.
24 sitä 1. pron. partitive singular form of se
25 kuin 1. adv. (colloquial) how?
     Kuin vanha sä oot?
       How old are you?
2. conj. (subordinating; with or without ikään + conditional mood) as if.
     Hän oli (ikään) kuin ei olisi huomannut mitään.
26 he 1. pron. (personal) they (only of people).
27 täällä 1. adv. (static) here (around)
     He ovat täällä.
       They are here.
2. adv. over here (in this place)
     Missä olet? --Täällä.
28 kaikki 1. pron. (indefinite) Everything.
     Tänään kaikki menee pieleen.
       Today everything goes wrong.
     Vihaan kaikkea.
       I hate everything.
29 minun 1. pron. The genitive singular of the personal pronoun minä, in most cases (with the possessive suffix -ni appended to the main word owned) translated with the possessive pronoun my; after the verb olla: mine:
     Minun äitini on 45 (= neljäkymmentäviisi) vuotta vanha.
        My mother is 45 years old.
     Tämä kirja on minun.
        This book is mine.
30 hyvä 1. adj. good (all the meanings: inspiring positive reactions; morally good; good by one's skills)
2. adj. desirable, advisable
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary