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Common Greek Words

A list of the most common Greek words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Greek.

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Rank Word Meanings
 
1 να 1. conj. indicating the subjunctive
     μπορώ να έχω …   (can I have …)
     Θέλω να φύγω.   (I want to leave.)
     Να είχαμε πέντε λεπτά ακόμα.   (If only we had five more minutes.)
     Να φύγω ή να μείνω;   (Should I leave or should I stay?)
2 το 1. art. (definite) nominative of ο (the)
2. art. (definite) accusative of ο (the)
3. pron. it (3rd person neuter singular, nominative)
4. pron. it (3rd person neuter singular, accusative)
3 δεν 1. part. not
     Δεν ήρθα χθες στο γραφείο. (Den ī́rtha chthes sto grafeío.) - I didn't come to the office yesterday.
     Δεν έρχεσαι μαζί μας; (Den érchesai mazí mas?) - Won't you come with us?
2. part. not (with stress on the negative aspect of a statement)
     Πήρε δεν πήρε εκατό ευρώ. (Pī́re den pī́re ekató eurṓ.) - He didn't even get one hundred euros.
4 είναι 1. v. third-person singular present of είμαι
     το όνομά μου είναι … - my name is …
2. v. third-person plural present of είμαι
5 θα 1. part. (indicating future tense) will, shall
     Αύριο το πρωί θα πάω στην τράπεζα. - Tomorrow morning I will go to the bank.
6 και 1. conj. and
     φάγαμε και ήπιαμε καλά   (we ate and drank well)
     δύο και δύο κάνουν τέσσερα   (two and two make four)
7 μου 1. pron. (personal, indirect object) me
     Μου είπε την αλήθεια. - He told me the truth.
2. pron. (possessive) my
     Το παιδί μου κι εγώ. - My child and I.
     το όνομά μου είναι … - my name is …
8 με 1. prep. with
     μίλησε με την Ελένη - he talked with Eleni
2. prep. by
     πουλάει με το κιλό - she sells by the kilo
3. prep. by, on
9 για 1. prep. (sense, time, duration, takes accusative) for
     για στάσου (wait a minute)
     φυλακίστηκε για πέντε χρόνια (he was imprisoned for five years)
2. prep. (sense, cause, reason, takes accusative) for
     φυλακίστηκε για κλοπή (he was imprisoned for theft)
10 την 1. art. (definite) accusative plural of ο (the)
2. pron. her  (3rd person feminine singular, accusative)
11 σου 1. pron. (personal, indirect object) you
     Σου είπε την αλήθεια. - He told you the truth.
2. pron. (possessive) your
     Ο αδελφός σου ήρθε. - Your brother came.
12 τον 1. art. (definite) accusative plural of ο (the)
     Έδωσε ένα ποτό στον Σταύρο. - She gave a drink to Stavros.
2. pron. him  (3rd person masculine singular, accusative)
13 τα 1. art. (definite) nominative of ο (the)
2. art. (definite) accusative of ο (the)
3. pron. they (3rd person neuter plural, nominative)
4. pron. them (3rd person neuter plural, accusative)
14 που 1. conj. that
     χαίρομαι που σε βλέπω ξανά.
       I am glad that I saw you.
2. pron. that, who, whom, which
     ο άνθρωπος που είδα στο δρόμο ήταν ένας παλιός μου φίλος. (The man who I saw on the road was an old friend.)
15 σε 1. pron. you  (2nd person singular, accusative)
     πώς σε λένε; - What is your name? (lit. What do they call you?)
2. prep. to, at, by, in, on, unto, upon
16 τι 1. pron. what
     Τι θέλετε; (Pī́re den pī́re ekató eurṓ.) - What do you want?
     Προς τι; (Pī́re den pī́re ekató eurṓ.) - What for?
2. pron. (sense, rhetorical, for stress) how, what
     Τι ομορφιά! (Pī́re den pī́re ekató eurṓ.) - How beautiful, what beauty!
17 του 1. art. (definite) genitive plural of ο (the)
2. pron. (personal, indirect object, masculine and neuter) him, it
     Του είπα την αλήθεια. - I told him the truth.
     Του έδωσε νερό. - He gave it water.
18 αυτό 1. det. nominative masculine singular form of αυτός (this).
2. det. nominative neuter singular form of αυτός
3. det. accusative neuter singular form of αυτός
4. det. vocative neuter singular form of αυτός
5. pron. it (3rd person neuter singular, nominative)
19 ότι 1. conj. that
     Αποφάσισε ότι έπρεπε να φύγει. (Pī́re den pī́re ekató eurṓ.) - He decided that it had to go.
2. conj. as
     Ότι είχα μπει μέσα στο σπίτι και χτύπησε το τηλέφωνο. (Pī́re den pī́re ekató eurṓ.) - As I walked into the house, the phone rang.
3. det. (common) altform, ό,τι
20 στο 1. contraction. contraction of σε το (to the)
     Πήγα στο δάσος. (I went to the forest.)
     Ήμουν στο δάσος. (I was in the forest.)
     Το ξενοδοχείο στο δάσος. (The hotel at the forest.)
21 από 1. prep. (sense, position) from
     ξεκινήσεις από το σπίτι - start from home
2. prep. (sense, source, origin) from
     είμαι από την Ελλάδα - I am from Greece
3. prep. (sense, time) from
22 της 1. art. (definite) genitive plural of ο (the)
2. pron. (personal, indirect object, feminine) her
     Της είπα την αλήθεια. (I told her the truth.)
3. pron. (possessive) her
     Το όνομά της είναι Ελένη. (Her name is Eleni.)
23 τη 1. art. the
2. pron. she (3rd person feminine singular, nominative)
24 όχι 1. adv. no (negative reply)
     Μιλάτε αγγλικά; Όχι. (Do you speak English? No.)
2. adv. no (negation)
     όχι καλά (not good)
3. adv. not, in elliptical clauses
25 ναι 1. adv. yes
2. n. yes
26 αν 1. conj. if
     Αν μπορείτε να έρθετε σήμερα. (If you are able to come today.)
2. conj. whether
     Δεν ξέρω αν είστε στο σπίτι σας. (I don't know whether you are at home.)
27 ένα 1. art. (indefinite) nominative of ένας (a, an)
2. art. (indefinite) genitive of ένας (a, an)
3. art. (indefinite) accusative of ένας (a, an)
4. num. (cardinal) nominative of ένας (one)
28 τους 1. art. (definite) accusative plural of ο (the)
2. pron. (sense, personal) their  (3rd person masculine plural, genitive)
3. pron. (sense, personal) their  (3rd person femine plural, genitive)
4. pron. (sense, personal) their  (3rd person neuter plural, genitive)
5. pron. (sense, personal) them  (3rd person masculine plural, accusative)
29 εδώ 1. adv. here
30 μια 1. art. (indefinite) nominative plural of ένας, (a, an)
2. art. (indefinite) accusative plural of ένας, (a, an)
3. num. nominative plural of ένας
4. num. accusative plural of ένας
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