Lexis Rex Home

Common Japanese Words

A list of the most common Japanese words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Japanese.

Learn
Flash Cards

Page 1/256    Go to page:
Rank Word Romaji Meanings
 
1 no 1. syllable. The hiragana syllable の (no), whose equivalent in katakana is ノ.
2. part. genitive case marker
     私の意見。
     わたしのいけん。
     watashi no iken.
2 ni 1. syllable. The hiragana syllable に (ni), whose equivalent in katakana is ニ.
2. part. particle for indirect objects; to
3. part. particle for location; in
4. part. particle for direction; toward
5. part. particle indicating a passive agent; by
3 する suru 1. v. to do
     何をしていますか。 - なに を して います か。
2. v. to wear (accessories)
     ネクタイをする。 - ネクタイ を する。
3. v. Usage: The verb する (“to do”) is seldom written in kanji (為る).
4 1. tooth
5 o 1. syllable. (obsolete) The hiragana syllable を (wo), whose equivalent in katakana is ヲ.
2. syllable. The hiragana syllable を (o), whose equivalent in katakana is ヲ.
3. part. An accusative case particle: a grammatical marker following the direct object.
     私がリンゴを食べる - わたし が リンゴ を たべる
     私をリンゴが食べる - わたし を リンゴ が たべる
6 ga 1. syllable. The hiragana syllable が (ga), whose equivalent in katakana is ガ.
2. part. が: Indicates the subject of a sentence.
3. part. が: conjunction (but)
4. part. が or ヶ: Historical possessive used to connect nouns, most often seen in place names as ヶ.
5. n. 蛾: moth
7 to 1. syllable. The hiragana syllable と (to), whose equivalent in katakana is ト.
2. part. with
     僕と行きたい?
     ぼくといきたい?
     Boku to ikitai?
8 nen 1. year
2. new year
3. person's age
4. counter. years
5. suffix. a grade, a school year
9 de 1. syllable. The hiragana syllable で (de), whose equivalent in katakana is デ.
2. part. indicating being at a location.
     ここで休みたい。
     ここでやすみたい。
     Koko de yasumitai.
10 da 1. syllable. The hiragana syllable だ (da), whose equivalent in katakana is ダ.
2. v. to be
3. v. Usage: This word is an enclitic just like other particles. It is classified as 助動詞 (jodōshi) in traditional Japanese grammar, because of its particle-like phonological behavior.
11 tsuki 1. As part of a compound, should not be confused with ⺼, form of 肉 (flesh, meat), which is used for example for parts of the body such as 背 (back). These may be drawn identically, as 月, but in careful us
2. n. the moon
     日本では月にうさぎが住んでいるというお話があります。 - にほん で は つき に うさぎ が すんで いる と いう お-はなし が あります。
     月は地球の唯一の衛星です。 - つき は ちきゅう の ゆい.いつ の えいせい です。
3. n. the lunar cycle, a month
12 mo 1. syllable. The hiragana syllable も (mo), whose equivalent in katakana is モ.
2. part. too, also, so
3. n. 藻: algae
4. n. 喪: mourning
13 から kara 1. part. from, out of
2. part. after (following て-form verbs)
3. part. because (following adjectives and verbs)
4. n. 空: emptiness
5. n. 殻: shell
14 hi 1. n. sun
2. n. day
fu 3. n. (obsolete) day
ka 4. counter. number of days
5. suffix. day of the month
15 成る naru 1. v. なる: become
     私は先生になります。 - わたし は せんせい に なります。
     コーヒーが冷たくなりました。 - コーヒー が つめたく なりました。
16 こと koto 1. n. 事: thing, matter
2. n. 琴: Japanese zither/harp
17 有る aru 1. v. to exist (inanimate objects)
2. v. to be (inanimate objects)
3. v. to have (inanimate objects)
18 よる yoru 1. v. よる: be based on, depend on, be due to - (at most case)
2. v. 拠る: be based on, depend on
3. v. 因る: be due to
4. v. 寄る: drop by, stop at
5. v. 選る: select
19 ya 1. syllable. The hiragana syllable や (ya), whose equivalent in katakana is ヤ.
2. part. and
     Used to conjoin nouns, や (ya) implies that the list is not limited to the nouns named. Contrast with と (to), the other particle typically used to conjoin nouns, which implies that the list is l
3. part. is, are
     Variation on the Japanese copula だ (da), associated with (Kansai dialect), particularly Ōsaka. The use of や (ya) is common in fictional dialogue attributed to characters from Ōsaka.
20 など nado 1. part. 等: for example, things like, such as, etc., and so on
     など (nado) functions as a noun and may be followed by other particles, including の (no).
21 言う iu 1. v. to say, to tell somebody
     私が言うようにしなさい。 - ^わたし が いう よう に しなさい。
2. v. to call, to name, to give a name
     この動物は日本語で何と言いますか。 - ^この どうぶつ は ^にほんご で なん と い.います か。
3. v. to cry, to call, to make a noise (such as an animal)
22 為る suru 1. v. to do
     何をしていますか。
     なにをしていますか。
     Nani o shiteimasuka?
     : What are you doing?
23 この kono 1. adnominal. (deictically) this ... (near the speaker)
     この車は緑です。 - この くるま は みどり です。
2. adnominal. (anaphorically) this ... I am talking about (only the speaker knows)
3. adnominal. Usage: This term can only be used when followed by a noun or noun phrase. It cannot be used as a standalone pronoun. Examples:
Usage:      Using kono as above is a bit like using English the without a noun after it.
24 hito 1. In print, 人 may have symmetric legs. However in handwriting, to distinguish from 入, the right leg will be shorter, the shape looking like a ʎ; in 入 the left leg is shorter.
2. n. person
3. n. human
4. n. someone else
nin 5. counter. people
25 その sono 1. adnominal. 其の: (deictically) that ... near you (near the addressee)
     私が読みたい本は、その本です。 - わたし が よみたい ほん は、 その ほん です。
2. adnominal. 其の: (anaphorically) the ... we are talking about.
3. adnominal. 其の: of it. its.
4. n. 園: garden; park; plantation
26 まで made 1. part. 迄: until, up to, as far as
     10時まで働くつもりだ。
     10じまではたらくつもりだ。
     Jū-ji made hataraku tsumori da.
     : I intend to work until ten o'clock.
27 もの mono 1. n. 物: thing
2. n. 者: person
28 he 1. syllable. The hiragana syllable へ (he), whose equivalent in katakana is ヘ.
2. part. to, towards
     へ (e) indicates a destination or movement toward something. When used in this sense, it is pronounced e instead of he.
     日本へようこそ! - ^にほん へ ようこそ!
     銀行へ行った。 - ^ぎんこう へ いった。
29 mata 1. and, also, again, in addition
30 これ kore 1. pron. 此れ: (deictically) this one (near the speaker)
2. pron. 此れ: (anaphorically) this one I am talking about (only the speaker knows)
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary