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Common Portuguese Words

A list of the most common Portuguese words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Portuguese.

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Rank Word Root Meanings
 
1 que 1. conj. that (connecting noun clause)
2. conj. that (introducing the result of the main clause)
     Está tão frio que os canos congelaram. - It is so cold that the pipes froze
3. conj. than (used in comparisons, to introduce the basis of comparison)
     O inverno é mais frio que o verão. - Winter is colder than summer.
2 o 1. art. the
2. pron. him, it (as a direct object; as an indirect object, see lhe; after prepositions, see ele).
3 a 1. n. alternative spelling of á
2. art. feminine singular of article o
3. pron. Her, it (as a direct object; as an indirect object, see lhe; after prepositions, see ela).
4. prep. to
     Encontrei-a na rua. — “I met her/it on the street.”
4 não 1. adv. not
2. adv. do not; don't
3. adv. Used to emphasise negative sentences. See double negative.
     Eu não fiz nada. - I didn't do anything. (literally: I didn't do nothing.)
4. adv. non-
5 de 1. prep. of
     Os amigos dele. - His friends. (lit. The friends of his)
     De que é feito? - What is this made of? (lit. Of what is made this?)
2. prep. 's, possession suffix
     A casa de alguém - Someone's house.
6 é 1. v. Form of the verb ser
2. interj. that's right; yes; indicates agreement
3. interj. erm; um; (used in hesitant speech)
ser 1. v. Denotes a permanent quality; to be;
2. v. Denotes location in time; to be;
7 e 1. Letter. (with diacritics: é, ê)
2. conj. and
3. n. and, conjunction
8 um 1. num. one.
     Uma xícara de café (One cup of coffee)
2. art. (indefinite) a, an; some (in plural).
3. n. The figure or digit "1": one.
     O um parece o sete sem gravata no pescoço (The one looks like the seven with no tie at its neck)
9 para 1. prep. for (directed at, intended to belong to or to be appropriate for)
2. prep. Indicates application of an adjective; to.
3. prep. for; towards; to; in the direction of; (indicates destination)
4. v. third-person singular preterite indicative of parar
parar 1. v. to stop
10 eu 1. pron. I
11 se 1. pron. Reflexive and reciprocal: oneself, himself, herself, itself, themselves, yourself; each other, one another.
     Ela se viu no espelho. — “She saw herself in the mirror.”
     E você se diz um professor! — “And you call yourself a teacher!”
     Quando eles se conheceram? — “When did they meet (each other)?”
2. pron. Used for passive constructions with transitive verbs and undetermined agent (usually translated with one).
12 me 1. pron. me, myself
13 uma 1. art. feminine singular of article um
um 1. num. one.
2. art. (indefinite) a, an; some (in plural).
3. n. The figure or digit "1": one.
14 está 1. v. third-person singular preterite indicative of estar
2. v. second-person singular preterite imperative of estar
estar 1. v. to be (indicates location in space)
2. v. to be (denotes a transient quality; a quality expected to change)
15 com 1. prep. with; against
2. prep. with; alongside (in the company of)
3. prep. with (as an accessory to)
4. prep. with (in support of)
5. prep. with (by means of)
16 do 1. contraction. contraction of de o (pertaining or relating to the); of the; from the (masculine singular)
17 por 1. prep. for (on behalf of)
     Faça isso por mim - Do it for me
2. prep. for (to obtain)
     Espero por uma resposta. - I wait for an answer.
3. prep. for (over a period of time)
18 te 1. pron. (object pronoun) you
     Matar-te-ei; Te matarei; Matarei-te. - I will kill you.
19 os 1. art. masculine plural of article o
2. pron. (object pronoun) 3rd person them (as a direct object; as an indirect object, see lhes; after prepositions, see eles).
     Encontrei-os na rua. - I met them at the street.
o 1. art. the
2. pron. him, it (as a direct object; as an indirect object, see lhe; after prepositions, see ele).
20 em 1. prep. in; inside (contained by)
2. prep. on (on the surface of)
3. prep. in (surrounded by)
4. prep. in (part of; a member of)
5. prep. in (pertaining to)
21 ele 1. pron. third-person masculine singular nominative pronoun; he
22 bem 1. adv. well; accurately; competently
2. adv. well; fairly (to a significant degree)
3. adv. (familiar) very (to a high degree)
4. adv. well; healthy
5. adv. favorably; fairly; justly
23 isso 1. pron. that
2. pron. (Brazil) this
3. interj. that's the one
     “Como era o nome daquele escritor?” “Saramago” “Isso!” - “What was the name of that writer?” “Saramago” “That's the one.”
24 mas 1. adv. but; nevertheless
2. conj. but
3. conj. (Brazil) though
4. conj. (beginning a sentence) indicates surprise or irony
25 da 1. prep. Contraction of de + a (“of the”)
26 como 1. adv. for example; such as; like (introduces a list of examples)
2. adv. how (in what way, manner)
3. adv. why (for what cause, reason, or purpose), when the action is considered reproachful
4. adv. how (modifier to indicate surprise, delight, or other strong feelings)
5. interj. sorry (used as a request for someone to repeat something not heard or understood clearly)
comer 1. v. (intransitive) to eat, to consume a meal
2. v. to eat, to consume a specific food
3. v. (transitive chess board games) to capture a piece
27 no 1. pron. (objective after verbs which end in a nasal vowel) him, it
     Eles removeram-no do grupo devido a mau comportamento da sua parte.
     They removed him from the group due to bad behavior on his behalf.
     Costumava estar aqui um copo, mas eles partiram-no quando cá estiveram.
     There used to be a glass here, but they broke it when they were here.
28 sim 1. adv. affirmatively, yes
2. n. yes (an affirmative expression)
29 as 1. art. feminine plural of article o
2. pron. (third person personal) them (as a direct object; the corresponding indirect object is lhes; the form used after prepositions is elas).
     Encontrei-as na rua. — I met them in the street.
o 1. art. the
2. pron. him, it (as a direct object; as an indirect object, see lhe; after prepositions, see ele).
30 mais 1. adv. used to form the comparative of adjectives; more
2. adv. preceded by the definitive article, used to form the superlative of adjectives; most
3. adv. more (to a greater degree or extent)
4. adv. any more (from a given time onwards)
     Não gosto mais de morar aqui - I don't like living here any more
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary
Word list from OpenSubtitles