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Common Spanish Words

A list of the most common Spanish words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Spanish.

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Rank Word Root Meanings Audio
 
1 de 1. prep. of; 's (but used after the thing owned and before the owner)
2. prep. of, ’s (but used after the thing owned and before the owner)
3. prep. from
     Constitución española de 1812 — “Spanish constitution of 1812”
4. prep. used to construct compound nouns (with attributive nouns)
2 la 1. art. the
2. pron. Accusative of ella, ello (when the antecedent's implied gender is feminine), and usted (when referring to a woman); her, it, you (formal)
3. pron. Impersonal neuter pronoun (accusative) in certain colloquial phrases: 'it', 'this'.
     La sabe toda.
     He/she knows everything (it all)
3 que 1. conj. that
2. conj. than
3. conj. indicating a reason, roughly because
4. conj. indicating desire or permission
5. conj. if I were you
4 y 1. conj. and
     setenta y seis - “seventy-six”
2. conj. plus
     uno y uno son dos - “one plus one is two”
5 el 1. art. Masculine singular definite article, the.
2. art. Feminine singular definite article used before nouns which start with a stressed /a/:
6 a 1. prep. to
2. prep. by
3. prep. at
4. prep. Used before words referring to people, pets, or personified objects or places that function as direct objects: personal a.
     Lo busca a Usted. — “He is looking for you.”
7 en 1. prep. in, at, on
2. prep. in (a time)
3. prep. in (a language)
4. prep. (used after some verbs and translated by various prepositions in English)
5. prep. in (used in various expressions)
8 se 1. pron. Third person (also used for usted and ustedes) reflexive direct or indirect object, oneself, himself, herself, itself, yourself, each other, one another
2. pron. Used to form the passive voice in the third person (also used for usted and ustedes).
3. pron. Used to form impersonal sentences.
4. pron. Used instead of indirect object pronouns le and les before the direct object pronouns lo, la, los, or las.
9 los 1. art. the
2. pron. Accusative form of ellos or ustedes
3. pron. Plural masculine or neuter pronoun, e.g. los que no hablan, "those who do not speak"
10 un 1. adj. (before the noun) apocopic form of uno one
2. art. a
11 no 1. adv. no
2. adv. not
3. abbrev. number
12 con 1. prep. with
13 su 1. adj. (before the noun) apocopic form of suyo His, her, its, one's, their.
2. adj. (before the noun formal) apocopic form of suyo Your.
3. adv. About, approximately.
14 las 1. art. the
2. pron. Accusative of ellas
3. pron. feminine plural pronoun.
15 por 1. prep. by
2. prep. for
3. prep. through
4. prep. due to
5. prep. (used with directions) over
16 del 1. contr. of the, from the (+ a masculine noun in singular).
2. contraction. of the, from the (+ a masculine noun in singular).
de 1. prep. of; 's (but used after the thing owned and before the owner)
2. prep. of, ’s (but used after the thing owned and before the owner)
3. prep. from
4. prep. used to construct compound nouns (with attributive nouns)
el 1. art. Masculine singular definite article, the.
2. art. Feminine singular definite article used before nouns which start with a stressed /a/:
17 una 1. adj. Feminine of uno
2. n. Feminine of uno
3. v. second-person imperative of unir
4. v. first-person present subjunctive of unir
5. v. second-person present subjunctive of unir
unir 1. v. to unite
2. v. to merge, to conflate
un 1. adj. (before the noun) apocopic form of uno one
2. art. a
18 lo 1. art. neuter definite article used to make abstract nouns from adjectives, the
2. pron. impersonal neuter pronoun, it, that
19 al 1.
a 1. prep. to
2. prep. by
3. prep. at
4. prep. Used before words referring to people, pets, or personified objects or places that function as direct objects: personal a.
el 1. art. Masculine singular definite article, the.
2. art. Feminine singular definite article used before nouns which start with a stressed /a/:
20 para 1. prep. for
2. prep. to
3. v. third-person present indicative of parar
4. v. informal second-person affirmative imperative of parar
5. v. first-person present subjunctive of parir
parar 1. v. to stop, halt
2. v. to put up, stand up
3. v. to lift, raise
4. vr. see pararse
5. v. (Chile, colloquial) to notice or divine something
21 es 1. v. second-person singular present indicative of ser
2. v. third-person singular present indicative of ser
ser 1. v. to be (essentially or identified as).
2. v. to be (in the passive voice sense)
3. v. to exist, to occur
4. n. A being, organism.
5. n. Nature, essence
22 me 1. pron. (personal direct object) me
2. pron. (personal indirect object) to me, for me
3. pron. (personal reflexive) myself
23 le 1. pron. To him, for him (dative form of él)
2. pron. To her, for her (dative form of ella)
3. pron. To you, for you (dative form of usted, ello, lo)
24 como 1. adv. like
2. adv. as
3. adv. how
4. v. first-person present indicative of comer
comer 1. v. to eat
2. v. (colloquial) to eat away, corrode
3. vt. to capture a piece
4. v. (double entendre Mexico) to have sexual intercourse (because of similitude to coger)
5. n. eating, food
25 más 1. adv. more
2. adv. most
3. adv. furthermore
4. adv. in addition
5. adv. else
26 sus 1. adj. plural form of su His, her, its, one's.
2. adj. (formal) Your.
su 1. adj. (before the noun) apocopic form of suyo His, her, its, one's, their.
2. adj. (before the noun formal) apocopic form of suyo Your.
3. adv. About, approximately.
27 había 1. v. first-person imperfect indicative of haber
2. v. second-person imperfect indicative of haber
3. v. third-person imperfect indicative of haber
4. v. imperfect indicative of haber
5. phrase. There was X.
haber 1. v. (auxiliary verb taking past participle to build perfect tense) to have
2. v. (rare or dated or idiomatic) to hold, to possess
3. v. (impersonal in third person only) to exist, “there is”, “there are” (hay), “there was”, “there were” (había)
4. v. (with “de” + infinitive) to have to do.
28 mi 1. adj. apocopic form of mío, my
2. n. mu; the Greek letter Μ, μ
29 era 1. v. first-person singular imperfect indicative of ser
2. v. second-person singular imperfect indicative of ser
3. v. third-person singular imperfect indicative of ser
4. n. era
5. n. threshing floor
ser 1. v. to be (essentially or identified as).
2. v. to be (in the passive voice sense)
3. v. to exist, to occur
4. n. A being, organism.
5. n. Nature, essence
30 qué 1. adj. what, which (interrogative only)
2. adv. how, what (comparative)
3. adv. used to express an adjective, how mostly not translated
4. pron. what (interrogative only)
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary