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Common Swedish Words

A list of the most common Swedish words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Swedish.

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Rank Word Root Meanings
 
1 jag 1. pron. I
     Jag läser en bok.
       I'm reading a book.
     Bara du och jag.
       Just you and me.
2 det 1. pron. It; third-person singular, referring to nouns of neuter gender. Nominative, accusative or dative
2. pron. it; the impersonal pronoun, used without referent as the subject of an impersonal verb or statement
     Det regnar.
       It is raining.
3. pron. it; the impersonal pronoun, used as a placeholder for a delayed subject or object
3 är 1. v. present tense of vara
4 du 1. pron. (personal) you (familiar sg.).
2. pron. (personal) thou.
5 inte 1. adv. not
     Jag har inte gjort det.
       I have not done that.
6 att 1. part. Used to indicate the infinitive form of a verb; compare English to.
     Att vara eller inte vara. - To be or not to be.
2. conj. that
     Jag tycker att det är en intressant bok. - I think (that) it's an interesting book.
7 en 1. pron. One (possessive: ens)
2. pron. Someone
3. art. the indefinite article: a, an.
4. n. juniper
8 och 1. conj. and; used to connect two homogeneous (similar) words or phrases
     Jag gillar hundar och katter.
       I like dogs and cats.
2. conj. and; used to denote the last item of a list
     äpplen, apelsiner och päron
9 har 1. v. present tense of ha
10 vi 1. pron. we (first-person personal plural subject pronoun)
11 1. prep. on, on top of; touching from above
     Boken ligger på bordet
       The book lies on the table
2. prep. on, against, touching; hanging from or being attached to (a vertical surface)
     Äpplet som hänger på den grenen
12 i 1. adv. used to signify that an action is done with intensity
2. prep. in; located inside
3. prep. in; specifies a place, a region or a country
     Kim bor i Stockholm, som ligger i Sverige.
       Kim lives in Stockholm which lies in Sweden.
13 för 1. adv. too; To an excessive degree
2. conj. because
3. n. bow; the front part of a boat or a ship
4. prep. for, for the sake of something or somebody
5. prep. Used before the object of verbs indicating movement in conjunction with upp and ner
14 han 1. pron. he, the third person singular, masculine, nominative case.
2. pron. (archaic or dialect) him (in standard Swedish, this is honom)
     jag såg han or ja' såg (standard Swedish: jag såg honom)
       I saw him
15 vad 1. pron. what
2. n. bet, wager
3. n. a ford, a place for wading, short for vadställe
4. n. (anatomy) calf; the back side of the lower part of the leg.
16 med 1. adv. also, as well, too
2. prep. with, together with, in the company of
     Han tränar (tillsammans) med vänner.
       He trains (together) with friends.
3. prep. including, containing, with; in addition to
17 mig 1. pron. me (objective case)
     Såg du mig aldrig där?
       Did you never see me there?
     Kan du lära mig att jonglera?
       Can you teach me how to juggle?
18 som 1. conj. as, like; similar to
     Flitig som ett bi.
       Busy as a bee.
     Hon lät som en häst.
       She sounded like a horse.
19 här 1. adv. here; at this time or at this place
     Här är den.
       Here it is.
2. n. (historical) a land army
     Härarna drabbade samman tidigt på morgonen.
20 om 1. conj. if
2. prep. about
     en bok om tåg
       a book about trains
     Vad pratar de om?
21 dig 1. pron. you (objective case, singular)
     Jag såg dig aldrig där
       I never saw you there
2. pron. reflexive case of du: compare yourself
     Skulle du vilja lära dig jonglera?
22 var 1. adv. where; at which place
     Var är mina nycklar?
       Where are my keys?
2. conj. where; the situation in which
3. det. every (dated)
23 den 1. pron. it
2. pron. that
3. art. (before an adjective preceding a noun) the
     den röda bilen - “the red car”
24 1. adv. so, thus, like that, in that way, in a certain manner
     Är det inte så?
       Isn't it so?
     så kallad
       so called
25 till 1. prep. to
     Välkommen till Sverige!
       Welcome to Sweden!
     Ge den till mig.
       Give it to me.
26 kan 1. v. present tense of kunna
27 de 1. pron. they
2. art. the, a definite article used in the beginning of noun phrases containing attributive adjectives and nouns in the plural. This article is used together with the definite suffix of the noun to indicate
     de gröna bilarna
       the green cars
28 ni 1. pron. you (plural nominative)
2. pron. you (second-person singular nominative formal) (capitalized Ni, rare in modern use)
29 ska 1. n. ska; a dance music
2. v. will; denotes a promise or strong intent to perform a action in the future
     Jag ska göra det i morgon
       I'll do that tomorrow
3. v. shall, have to; be required to
30 ett 1. art. Indefinite article (neuter)
2. num. (cardinal) one
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary