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Common Thai Words

A list of the most common Thai words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Thai.

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Rank Word Meanings
1 ที่ 1. prep. at, to, on the site of, within, amidst, at the location of
2. prep. for, during, at the time of
3. pron. that, which, who, whom
4. pron. where, when
5. conj. if + conditional clause
2 การ 1. n. task
2. n. prefix to convert a verb or an adjective into an abstract noun
3 เป็น 1. v. to be
4 ใน 1. prep. in, of, inside, within, amidst, into, on, at (a particular time)
5 จะ 1. v. will, shall (future tense marker)
6 มี 1. v. to have, to own
2. v. to contain, to include
3. v. there is, there are
     ฉัน มี หมวก หนึ่ง ใบ - I have a hat
7 ของ 1. prep. of
2. n. property
3. n. belongings
4. n. stuff
8 ไม่ 1. adv. no, not
2. conj. nor
3. interj. no
4. n. no
9 และ 1. conj. and
10 ได้ 1. v. to be able (to do something); can
11 ว่า 1. conj. that
2. conj. as
3. v. to say, to speak, to tell
4. v. to admonish, to scold
5. v. to administer
12 ไป 1. v. to go (move to another place).
2. adv. too (too much)
     แพง ไป - too expensive
13 ให้ 1. n. (legal) a contract by which a person, called donor, transfers his own property to another person, called donee, and the donee accepts the transfer; gift; donation.
2. v. to give; to grant.
3. v. to allow; to permit.
4. v. an auxiliary verb expressing a requirement, order, permission, expectation, or wish; a causative verb.
14 มา 1. v. to come
15 ก็ 1. conj. also, too, as well
2. part. (a linking particle)
16 คน 1. classifier. classifier used with people and occupations
2. n. people, person, guy, man, human being
3. Prefix. (agent prefix, person who) -er, -or (designating an occupation)
4. Prefix. (designating nationality or ethnicity) -an
     * ไทย - Thai people
17 ความ 1. n. subject, matter, content
2. n. state, condition, manner
3. n. lawsuit (as known as คดีความ)
4. n. prefix to convert a verb or an adjective into an abstract noun
5. n. (archaic) language
18 แล้ว 1. adv. already (used a general marker that indicates a specified action has happened or state has been attained)
2. adv. next; then; afterwards; so; finally; and (positioned at the beginning of a clause indicating the ordering of events or agreement with main clause)
19 กับ 1. conj. and
2. prep. with
20 อยู่ 1. v. to be (at a place), to be located (at)
2. v. to dwell, to reside
21 หรือ 1. conj. or
2. part. final interrogative particle on a yes/no question
22 กัน 1. adv. together
2. v. To hinder, to hamper, to prevent, to place obstacles, barriers
3. v. To avert, to ward off; to protect against (something)
4. v. To defend, to protect, to enclose, to shut in, to fence in, to cover, to hide
5. v. To surround, to enclose on all sides
23 นี้ 1. det. this, these
24 แต่ 1. conj. but
25 จาก 1. prep. from
2. v. to depart, to leave
26 อย่าง 1. n. variety
2. n. style, pattern
3. n. kind, sort, type
4. n. mode
5. n. manner, method
27 เขา 1. pron. third person pronoun.
2. pron. (slang) first person pronoun.
       I miss you so much!
3. n. any bird of the family Columbidae; dove.
28 ต้อง 1. v. (auxiliary verb) have to, must, be required to, be duty-bound to
2. v. to agree (with), be in accordance (with), to satisfy the requirements (of)
3. v. to make contact with, be exposed to
4. adv. perforce, necessarily
29 ด้วย 1. adv. together, also, as well, too
2. prep. with, along with
30 ขึ้น 1. adv. up or upwards.
2. adv. frontally or frontwards.
3. adv. northerly or northwards.
4. adv. easterly or eastwards.
5. adv. in or to a greater extent or degree.
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary