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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%jacket 
ə28.99%accountant 
20.57%table 
ɑ5.03%grandfather 
ɛ3.47%carrot 
a2.75%handkerchief 
ɪ1.92%cabbage 
ɔ1.63%chalk 
ɒ1.23%swallow 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%abandoned 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%calculator 
s22.81%juic
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%land 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%yellow 
ɪ22.88%serious 
ə18.90%peninsula 
i8.37%ceiling 
e4.39%engineer 
ɪə1.70%cereal 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%fork 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%grandfather 
27.65%pag
ʒ4.48%judg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%head 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%furniture 
15.34%write 
i4.64%taxi 
ə3.88%pupi
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%require 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%judge 
d͡ʒ12.38%juice 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%turkey 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%eleven 
ɫ1.39%beautiful 
əl0.60%real 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%thum
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%lavender 
ŋ3.52%anxious 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%tomato 
ɒ26.97%politician 
əʊ16.92%banjo 
o6.88%groceries 
ʌ5.85%monkey 
ɔ5.28%toilet 
ɑ5.11%stocking 
u1.55%cano
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%paper 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%blackboar
r24.03%rope 
ə3.31%furnitur
əɹ3.20%security 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%seventy 
z17.28%crimson 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%pleasure 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%thought 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%clutch 
ju19.51%perfume 
ə13.04%beautifu
u7.19%flute 
5.44%security 
ʊ4.93%butcher 
ɪ1.44%lettuce 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%detectiv
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%dishwasher 
ʊ4.61%rainbow 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%saxophone 
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%anxious 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%cloudy 
ɪ15.58%boy 
10.59%psychiatrist 
j4.36%yacht 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%magazine