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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%hand 
ə28.99%geography 
20.57%ba
ɑ5.03%father 
ɛ3.47%hair 
a2.75%cast 
ɪ1.92%mountain 
ɔ1.63%salt 
ɒ1.23%swallow 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%bab
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%cake 
s22.81%vic
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%medicine 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%television 
ɪ22.88%exactly 
ə18.90%seventeen 
i8.37%appreciate 
e4.39%helicopter 
ɪə1.70%zero 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%frog 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%gold 
27.65%psychological 
ʒ4.48%hedg
d͡ʒ4.19%energ
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%alcohol 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%finger 
15.34%island 
i4.64%helicopter 
ə3.88%pupi
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%require 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%jeans 
d͡ʒ12.38%jaw 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%pumpkin 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%cloudy 
ɫ1.39%silver 
əl0.60%real 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%milk 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%pension 
ŋ3.52%uncle 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%saxophone 
ɒ26.97%body 
əʊ16.92%to
o6.88%motorcycle 
ʌ5.85%grandmother 
ɔ5.28%helicopter 
ɑ5.11%stocking 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%push 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%crowbar 
r24.03%religion 
ə3.31%requir
əɹ3.20%during 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%sleep 
z17.28%desert 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%pleasure 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%tough 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%bu
ju19.51%used 
ə13.04%beautifu
u7.19%prune 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%pull 
ɪ1.44%guitar 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%level 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%microwave 
ʊ4.61%rainbow 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%tax
ɡ11.90%exit 
3.17%luxury 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%luxury 
ɪ15.58%bicycle 
10.59%why 
j4.36%yacht 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%zero