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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%ma
ə28.99%banana 
20.57%plate 
ɑ5.03%glass 
ɛ3.47%carrot 
a2.75%cabbage 
ɪ1.92%bandage 
ɔ1.63%walk 
ɒ1.23%watch 
ʌ0.54%wasn't 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%balloon 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%canoe 
s22.81%bracelet 
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%stand 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%cherry 
ɪ22.88%chicke
ə18.90%pedestrian 
i8.37%ceiling 
e4.39%engineer 
ɪə1.70%deer 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%four 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%drug 
27.65%bandag
ʒ4.48%judg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%handbag 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%hospital 
15.34%quite 
i4.64%pianist 
ə3.88%security 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%idea 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%judge 
d͡ʒ12.38%juice 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%work 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%handl
ɫ1.39%beautiful 
əl0.60%cruel 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%bottom 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%painter 
ŋ3.52%blanket 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%petro
ɒ26.97%politician 
əʊ16.92%to
o6.88%crowbar 
ʌ5.85%tongue 
ɔ5.28%point 
ɑ5.11%hospital 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%hip 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%liquor 
r24.03%crimson 
ə3.31%furnitur
əɹ3.20%security 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%sleep 
z17.28%transport 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%usually 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%tension 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%pumpkin 
ju19.51%used 
ə13.04%beautifu
u7.19%prune 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%push 
ɪ1.44%biscuit 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%shovel 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%word 
ʊ4.61%rainbow 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%sixty 
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%anxious 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%directory 
ɪ15.58%boy 
10.59%psychiatrist 
j4.36%yellow 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%razor