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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%ca
ə28.99%musicia
20.57%newspaper 
ɑ5.03%glass 
ɛ3.47%stairs 
a2.75%handkerchief 
ɪ1.92%mountain 
ɔ1.63%salt 
ɒ1.23%swa
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%wardrob
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%color 
s22.81%vic
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%window 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%television 
ɪ22.88%eleven 
ə18.90%elevator 
i8.37%ceiling 
e4.39%vegetable 
ɪə1.70%cereal 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%perfume 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%grandfather 
27.65%surgeon 
ʒ4.48%judg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%horse 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%crimson 
15.34%ninety 
i4.64%pianist 
ə3.88%pupi
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%idea 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%jacket 
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%blanket 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%television 
ɫ1.39%beautiful 
əl0.60%cruel 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%chimney 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%snake 
ŋ3.52%monkey 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%balcony 
ɒ26.97%body 
əʊ16.92%nose 
o6.88%groceries 
ʌ5.85%glove 
ɔ5.28%appointment 
ɑ5.11%hospital 
u1.55%cano
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%spoon 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%liquor 
r24.03%microwave 
ə3.31%flour 
əɹ3.20%security 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%question 
z17.28%musician 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%pleasure 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%tough 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%thunder 
ju19.51%issu
ə13.04%beautifu
u7.19%flute 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%pull 
ɪ1.44%lettuce 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%lavender 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%dishwasher 
ʊ4.61%rainbow 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%saxophone 
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%luxury 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%eighty 
ɪ15.58%bicycle 
10.59%cry 
j4.36%yellow 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%lizard