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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%grandfather 
ə28.99%abandoned 
20.57%table 
ɑ5.03%grandfather 
ɛ3.47%tomato 
a2.75%cabbage 
ɪ1.92%mountain 
ɔ1.63%wall 
ɒ1.23%dishwasher 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%crib 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%crowbar 
s22.81%pencil 
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%dog 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%pressure 
ɪ22.88%serious 
ə18.90%toile
i8.37%appreciate 
e4.39%engineer 
ɪə1.70%beer 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%fifty 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%handbag 
27.65%vegetable 
ʒ4.48%judg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%heard 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%sixty 
15.34%spider 
i4.64%broccoli 
ə3.88%anxious 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%require 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%judge 
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%monkey 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%butterfl
ɫ1.39%beautiful 
əl0.60%cruel 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%dream 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%sponge 
ŋ3.52%blanket 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%elevato
ɒ26.97%coffee 
əʊ16.92%gold 
o6.88%sofa 
ʌ5.85%so
ɔ5.28%fourteen 
ɑ5.11%stocking 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%spice 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%gray 
r24.03%stretcher 
ə3.31%flour 
əɹ3.20%during 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%peninsula 
z17.28%stairs 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%usually 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%sixteen 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%brush 
ju19.51%music 
ə13.04%luxury 
u7.19%flute 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%incongruous 
ɪ1.44%biscuit 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%shovel 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%word 
ʊ4.61%crowbar 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%tax
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%luxury 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%baby 
ɪ15.58%boy 
10.59%psychological 
j4.36%lawyer 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%zero