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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%ha
ə28.99%abandon 
20.57%taste 
ɑ5.03%class 
ɛ3.47%stairs 
a2.75%cabbage 
ɪ1.92%cabbage 
ɔ1.63%salt 
ɒ1.23%swa
ʌ0.54%wasn't 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%bathroom 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%color 
s22.81%spic
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%door 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%tension 
ɪ22.88%blanke
ə18.90%kitche
i8.37%ceiling 
e4.39%vegetable 
ɪə1.70%cereal 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%favour 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%gate 
27.65%refrigerator 
ʒ4.48%hedg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%honey 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%lizard 
15.34%bicycle 
i4.64%helicopter 
ə3.88%anxious 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%require 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%jacket 
d͡ʒ12.38%juice 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%blanket 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%light 
ɫ1.39%beautiful 
əl0.60%cruel 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%camel 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%seventeen 
ŋ3.52%uncle 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%ivory 
ɒ26.97%fro
əʊ16.92%zero 
o6.88%potato 
ʌ5.85%colour 
ɔ5.28%point 
ɑ5.11%stocking 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%voluptuous 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%broom 
r24.03%grip 
ə3.31%flour 
əɹ3.20%temperatur
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%scarf 
z17.28%wasn't 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%pleasure 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%thought 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%plu
ju19.51%uniform 
ə13.04%beautifu
u7.19%flute 
5.44%security 
ʊ4.93%pull 
ɪ1.44%biscuit 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%microwav
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%microwave 
ʊ4.61%rainbow 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%sixteen 
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%luxury 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%enemy 
ɪ15.58%boy 
10.59%psychiatrist 
j4.36%yacht 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%lizard