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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%saxophone 
ə28.99%addition 
20.57%snake 
ɑ5.03%grandfather 
ɛ3.47%tomato 
a2.75%handkerchief 
ɪ1.92%bandage 
ɔ1.63%talk 
ɒ1.23%watch 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%body 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%cloud 
s22.81%fac
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%dream 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%pepper 
ɪ22.88%eleven 
ə18.90%peninsula 
i8.37%appreciate 
e4.39%helicopter 
ɪə1.70%cereal 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%floor 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%gray 
27.65%orang
ʒ4.48%hedg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%harp 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%swi
15.34%li
i4.64%broccoli 
ə3.88%animal 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%idea 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%jacket 
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%monkey 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%plate 
ɫ1.39%silver 
əl0.60%real 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%hom
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%hunter 
ŋ3.52%anxious 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%balcony 
ɒ26.97%continent 
əʊ16.92%hold 
o6.88%saxophone 
ʌ5.85%colour 
ɔ5.28%appointment 
ɑ5.11%photographer 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%sponge 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%red 
r24.03%geography 
ə3.31%requir
əɹ3.20%temperatur
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%skirt 
z17.28%musician 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%usually 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%street 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%gutter 
ju19.51%music 
ə13.04%pressure 
u7.19%ruler 
5.44%security 
ʊ4.93%usually 
ɪ1.44%biscuit 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%seventy 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%walk 
ʊ4.61%rainbow 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%sixteen 
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%luxury 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%cloudy 
ɪ15.58%seventy 
10.59%psychological 
j4.36%lawyer 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%sneez