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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%camel 
ə28.99%canoe 
20.57%taste 
ɑ5.03%garage 
ɛ3.47%carrot 
a2.75%handkerchief 
ɪ1.92%orange 
ɔ1.63%wall 
ɒ1.23%dishwasher 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%bird 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%directory 
s22.81%necklac
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%dentist 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%detective 
ɪ22.88%exhaust 
ə18.90%continent 
i8.37%geography 
e4.39%vegetable 
ɪə1.70%deer 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%perfume 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%pig 
27.65%garag
ʒ4.48%judg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%heard 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%tissue 
15.34%rice 
i4.64%radi
ə3.88%penci
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%require 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%judge 
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%pumpkin 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%calculator 
ɫ1.39%silver 
əl0.60%cruel 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%milk 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%dance 
ŋ3.52%uncle 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%elevato
ɒ26.97%ho
əʊ16.92%cold 
o6.88%sofa 
ʌ5.85%sponge 
ɔ5.28%oil 
ɑ5.11%hospital 
u1.55%cano
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%pension 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%grandfather 
r24.03%grip 
ə3.31%requir
əɹ3.20%security 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%fros
z17.28%cousin 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%pleasure 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%salt 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%voluptuous 
ju19.51%perfume 
ə13.04%beautifu
u7.19%prune 
5.44%security 
ʊ4.93%incongruous 
ɪ1.44%guitar 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%microwav
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%wheelchair 
ʊ4.61%crowbar 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%six 
ɡ11.90%exit 
3.17%anxious 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%cherry 
ɪ15.58%bicycle 
10.59%butterfly 
j4.36%yellow 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%magazine