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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%saxophone 
ə28.99%banana 
20.57%baby 
ɑ5.03%aunt 
ɛ3.47%hair 
a2.75%cast 
ɪ1.92%cabbage 
ɔ1.63%wall 
ɒ1.23%yacht 
ʌ0.54%wasn't 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%back 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%clutch 
s22.81%juic
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%handbag 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%enemy 
ɪ22.88%refrigerator 
ə18.90%peninsula 
i8.37%geography 
e4.39%engineer 
ɪə1.70%zero 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%grandfather 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%groceries 
27.65%spong
ʒ4.48%judg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%heard 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%bridge 
15.34%island 
i4.64%pianist 
ə3.88%anxious 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%idea 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%pajamas 
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%book 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%blue 
ɫ1.39%beautiful 
əl0.60%real 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%trumpet 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%pen 
ŋ3.52%anxious 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%computer 
ɒ26.97%alcoho
əʊ16.92%ocean 
o6.88%piano 
ʌ5.85%glove 
ɔ5.28%door 
ɑ5.11%stocking 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%species 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%gray 
r24.03%frog 
ə3.31%requir
əɹ3.20%during 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%pasta 
z17.28%newspaper 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%usually 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%tea 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%bu
ju19.51%musician 
ə13.04%beautifu
u7.19%flute 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%sugar 
ɪ1.44%lettuce 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%fiv
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%wall 
ʊ4.61%rainbow 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%ax
ɡ11.90%exit 
3.17%anxious 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%baby 
ɪ15.58%seventy 
10.59%butterfly 
j4.36%yacht 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%lizard