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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%nappy 
ə28.99%pianist 
20.57%bracelet 
ɑ5.03%dance 
ɛ3.47%airplane 
a2.75%ladder 
ɪ1.92%orange 
ɔ1.63%talk 
ɒ1.23%swa
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%keyboard 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%detective 
s22.81%pencil 
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%does 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%petrol 
ɪ22.88%religion 
ə18.90%peninsula 
i8.37%appreciate 
e4.39%vegetable 
ɪə1.70%cereal 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%friend 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%incongruous 
27.65%vegetable 
ʒ4.48%judg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%heard 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%pillow 
15.34%sign 
i4.64%pianist 
ə3.88%penci
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%idea 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%banj
d͡ʒ12.38%juice 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%cak
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%floor 
ɫ1.39%beautiful 
əl0.60%cruel 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%model 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%oven 
ŋ3.52%sin
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%commission 
ɒ26.97%bolt 
əʊ16.92%soldier 
o6.88%coconut 
ʌ5.85%tongue 
ɔ5.28%fourteen 
ɑ5.11%hospital 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%hospital 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%dashboar
r24.03%pressure 
ə3.31%requir
əɹ3.20%security 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%syringe 
z17.28%stairs 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%pleasure 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%artist 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%gutter 
ju19.51%music 
ə13.04%pleasure 
u7.19%prune 
5.44%security 
ʊ4.93%incongruous 
ɪ1.44%biscuit 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%silver 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%whistle 
ʊ4.61%rainbow 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%tax
ɡ11.90%exit 
3.17%luxury 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%baby 
ɪ15.58%seventy 
10.59%psychological 
j4.36%lawyer 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%magazine