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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%scalpel 
ə28.99%pasta 
20.57%cake 
ɑ5.03%aunt 
ɛ3.47%hair 
a2.75%handkerchief 
ɪ1.92%mountain 
ɔ1.63%talk 
ɒ1.23%swa
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%boot 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%coffee 
s22.81%juic
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%drill 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%petrol 
ɪ22.88%require 
ə18.90%enemy 
i8.37%geography 
e4.39%engineer 
ɪə1.70%deer 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%beautiful 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%glass 
27.65%vegetable 
ʒ4.48%judg
d͡ʒ4.19%energ
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%hammer 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%pianist 
15.34%library 
i4.64%pianist 
ə3.88%security 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%require 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%jacket 
d͡ʒ12.38%jaw 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%drink 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%hol
ɫ1.39%silver 
əl0.60%cruel 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%plum 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%continen
ŋ3.52%uncle 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%broccoli 
ɒ26.97%chocolate 
əʊ16.92%nose 
o6.88%motorcycle 
ʌ5.85%onion 
ɔ5.28%toilet 
ɑ5.11%stocking 
u1.55%cano
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%perfume 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%drum 
r24.03%microwave 
ə3.31%requir
əɹ3.20%security 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%mous
z17.28%does 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%usually 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%stairs 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%bucket 
ju19.51%issu
ə13.04%pleasure 
u7.19%prune 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%pull 
ɪ1.44%lettuce 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%television 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%woman 
ʊ4.61%rainbow 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%six 
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%anxious 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%ivory 
ɪ15.58%boy 
10.59%psychiatrist 
j4.36%lawyer 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%freezer