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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%black 
ə28.99%abortion 
20.57%plate 
ɑ5.03%banana 
ɛ3.47%carrot 
a2.75%cast 
ɪ1.92%orange 
ɔ1.63%walk 
ɒ1.23%swallow 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%brown 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%cousin 
s22.81%bracelet 
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%feud 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%temperature 
ɪ22.88%exactly 
ə18.90%came
i8.37%regional 
e4.39%helicopter 
ɪə1.70%beer 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%fifteen 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%goose 
27.65%geography 
ʒ4.48%hedg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%hand 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%si
15.34%nineteen 
i4.64%serious 
ə3.88%security 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%require 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%judge 
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%cak
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%colour 
ɫ1.39%silver 
əl0.60%cruel 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%arm 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%turning 
ŋ3.52%blanket 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%saxophone 
ɒ26.97%body 
əʊ16.92%home 
o6.88%crowbar 
ʌ5.85%colour 
ɔ5.28%oil 
ɑ5.11%photographer 
u1.55%cano
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%pressure 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%crib 
r24.03%pressure 
ə3.31%flour 
əɹ3.20%security 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%maths 
z17.28%doesn't 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%usually 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%kitchen 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%butter 
ju19.51%perfume 
ə13.04%luxury 
u7.19%prune 
5.44%security 
ʊ4.93%pull 
ɪ1.44%biscuit 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%microwav
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%window 
ʊ4.61%crowbar 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%saxophone 
ɡ11.90%exit 
3.17%anxious 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%fifty 
ɪ15.58%boy 
10.59%psychological 
j4.36%yellow 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%freezer