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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%balcony 
ə28.99%pianist 
20.57%plate 
ɑ5.03%pajamas 
ɛ3.47%hair 
a2.75%cast 
ɪ1.92%mountain 
ɔ1.63%chalk 
ɒ1.23%watch 
ʌ0.54%wasn't 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%bowl 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%cream 
s22.81%decision 
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%grandfather 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%hedge 
ɪ22.88%engineer 
ə18.90%shove
i8.37%appreciate 
e4.39%helicopter 
ɪə1.70%zero 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%fruit 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%glass 
27.65%garag
ʒ4.48%judg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%hammer 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%ski
15.34%sign 
i4.64%piano 
ə3.88%security 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%require 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%judge 
d͡ʒ12.38%juice 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%cak
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%pleasure 
ɫ1.39%silver 
əl0.60%cruel 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%mustard 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%brown 
ŋ3.52%pin
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%broccoli 
ɒ26.97%broccoli 
əʊ16.92%radio 
o6.88%potato 
ʌ5.85%grandmother 
ɔ5.28%fourteen 
ɑ5.11%photographer 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%voluptuous 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%scream 
r24.03%frog 
ə3.31%requir
əɹ3.20%temperatur
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%soup 
z17.28%jeans 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%usually 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%sevent
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%dru
ju19.51%musician 
ə13.04%pressure 
u7.19%prune 
5.44%security 
ʊ4.93%push 
ɪ1.44%lettuce 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%oven 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%weather 
ʊ4.61%crowbar 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%saxophone 
ɡ11.90%exit 
3.17%anxious 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%balcony 
ɪ15.58%seventy 
10.59%psychiatrist 
j4.36%yacht 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%razor