Lexis Rex Home
Lexis Rex Home


The Sounds of English

Below is a list of the common sounds of English and the letter groups used to represent these sounds. Letters and groups of letters may have different sounds, and this is shown along with their IPA symbols (International Phonetic Alphabet) and their frequency of occurrence.

Learn
Spelling

Spelling IPA Frequency Example
a
æ33.88%back 
ə28.99%musicia
20.57%wave 
ɑ5.03%banana 
ɛ3.47%tomato 
a2.75%cast 
ɪ1.92%cabbage 
ɔ1.63%talk 
ɒ1.23%watch 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
ai
100.00%rai
al
100.00%social 
ar
ɑ62.22%charge 
ə32.96%sugar 
ɔ4.81%war
au
ɔ97.92%sauce 
a2.08%laugh 
augh
ɔ77.78%daughter 
ɑf22.22%laughing 
aw
ɔ100.00%chainsaw 
b
b100.00%bucket 
bb
b100.00%cabbage 
c
k77.19%crib 
s22.81%vic
cc
k100.00%accountant 
ch
45.65%chainsaw 
k21.30%architect 
ʃ20.00%kitchen 
t͡ʃ13.04%chicken 
ci
ʃ80.00%musician 
ʃi20.00%appreciate 
ck
k100.00%necklace 
d
d100.00%handbag 
dd
d100.00%addition 
don
dn̩100.00%abandoned 
e
ɛ43.75%be
ɪ22.88%jacke
ə18.90%seventy 
i8.37%ceiling 
e4.39%engineer 
ɪə1.70%zero 
ea
i66.67%mea
ɛ28.46%brea
ɪ2.44%ears 
ɪə2.44%idea 
ear
ɜ32.50%early 
ɛə10.00%bear 
ɪə̯7.50%ear 
eau
ju100.00%beauty 
ed
d100.00%abandoned 
ee
i100.00%fiftee
eigh
100.00%eighty 
er
ə39.34%energy 
əɹ31.97%drummer 
ɜ16.72%perfume 
ɚ11.97%photographer 
eu
ju100.00%feu
ew
ju100.00%newspaper 
ey
i100.00%valley 
f
f100.00%foot 
ff
f100.00%cliff 
g
ɡ62.93%drug 
27.65%spong
ʒ4.48%hedg
d͡ʒ4.19%energ
g0.75%grandmother 
gg
ɡ100.00%egg 
gh
f100.00%laugh 
gion
dʒən100.00%religion 
h
h100.00%herb 
i
ɪ74.61%politician 
15.34%vice 
i4.64%radi
ə3.88%anxious 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%idea 
ie
i100.00%believe 
igh
100.00%thigh 
ir
ɜ55.77%thirty 
ə44.23%stair
j
87.62%judge 
d͡ʒ12.38%jaw 
k
k100.00%lak
kn
n100.00%knife 
l
l98.00%sailor 
ɫ1.39%beautiful 
əl0.60%cruel 
le
əl100.00%table 
ll
l100.00%pillow 
m
m100.00%mountain 
mm
m100.00%hammer 
n
n96.48%snoring 
ŋ3.52%drin
ng
ŋ100.00%finger 
nn
n100.00%tunnel 
o
ə30.58%voluptuous 
ɒ26.97%broccoli 
əʊ16.92%pole 
o6.88%sofa 
ʌ5.85%brother 
ɔ5.28%point 
ɑ5.11%photographer 
u1.55%cano
ʊ0.86%woman 
oa
əʊ49.02%toaster 
ɔ31.37%keyboard 
19.61%soa
oe
ʌ100.00%doesn't 
oo
u64.12%tooth 
ʊ33.59%foo
ʌ2.29%floo
or
ɔ91.63%hor
ɜ8.37%wor
ou
74.10%clou
u13.67%sou
ʌ11.51%touch 
ɑʊ0.72%found 
ough
ɔ69.23%though
ʌf30.77%tough 
oul
ʊ100.00%woul
our
ɔɹ83.33%four 
əɹ16.67%favour 
ous
əs100.00%serious 
ow
əʊ56.84%yellow 
43.16%brow
p
p100.00%peninsula 
ph
f100.00%photographer 
pp
p100.00%apple 
ps
s100.00%psychiatrist 
qu
kw77.65%quite 
k22.35%liquor 
r
ɹ69.46%run 
r24.03%reading 
ə3.31%requir
əɹ3.20%security 
rr
ɹ100.00%ferr
s
s81.30%school 
z17.28%pajamas 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%pleasure 
sh
ʃ100.00%shop 
sion
ʒən72.00%television 
ʃən28.00%pension 
ss
s98.17%glass 
ʃ1.83%pressure 
ssion
ʃən100.00%mission 
t
t100.00%stormy 
th
θ68.18%thirty 
ð31.82%father 
tion
ʃən97.69%dictionary 
ʃn̩2.31%addition 
tt
t100.00%kettle 
tu
100.00%temperature 
u
ʌ48.46%plumber 
ju19.51%music 
ə13.04%pressure 
u7.19%ruler 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%usually 
ɪ1.44%biscuit 
ue
u100.00%crue
ui
u100.00%frui
ur
ɜ92.86%surgeon 
ɜr7.14%blur 
v
v100.00%vitamin 
w
w95.39%watch 
ʊ4.61%crowbar 
wh
ʍ84.62%wh
hw15.38%which 
wr
ɹ100.00%writing 
x
ks84.92%tax
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%anxious 
y
i69.47%geography 
ɪ15.58%boy 
10.59%why 
j4.36%yellow 
z
z100.00%magazine 
zz
z100.00%jazz