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The Spanish Alphabet

This page shows the Spanish alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of Spanish.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
a95.14%ballena 
ä4.26%algo 
ã0.38%mano 
ɑ0.23%calle 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b51.33%buey 
β48.67%corbata 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k65.07%arquitecto 
θ33.82%hacer 
s1.10%onc
dD
IPA Frequency Example
ð59.56%jardín 
d40.44%fald
eE
IPA Frequency Example
e97.53%perfume 
2.07%entonces 
ɛ0.39%guerrero 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%marfil 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ43.71%abrig
ɣ32.93%siguiente 
x18.56%gina 
g3.59%sinvergüenza 
ɰ1.20%suegra 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
silent100.00%harina 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
i70.45%lápi
j29.26%inyección 
ĩ0.28%domingo 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
x95.96%mejor 
χ4.04%juez 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%kilómetro 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l100.00%alcohol 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%también 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n92.21%bien 
ŋ5.19%naranja 
m1.04%sinvergüenza 
ɲ0.35%ancho 
ñÑ
IPA Frequency Example
ɲ97.37%años 
ɳ2.63%añadir 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
o98.73%conejo 
õ0.95%conversación 
ɔ0.32%formación 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%papel 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɾ85.43%decir 
r14.57%reloj 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s99.14%siete 
z0.86%mismo 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%estaba 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
u70.15%uno 
w26.15%después 
silent3.38%siguiente 
ũ0.31%preguntar 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
b54.86%verdura 
β45.14%nuev
wW
IPA Frequency Example
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks100.00%extraño 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
ʝ44.74%y
j42.11%hoy 
i13.16%muy 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
θ100.00%tiz