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The Spanish Alphabet

This page shows the Spanish alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of Spanish.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
a95.14%vaca 
ä4.26%marzo 
ã0.38%mano 
ɑ0.23%cabeza 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b51.33%baño 
β48.67%estab
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k65.07%diccionario 
θ33.82%bicicleta 
s1.10%onc
dD
IPA Frequency Example
ð59.56%madre 
d40.44%día 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
e97.53%hace
2.07%entonces 
ɛ0.39%guerrero 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%sofá 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ43.71%guerra 
ɣ32.93%estómag
x18.56%gina 
g3.59%sinvergüenza 
ɰ1.20%guante 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
silent100.00%hasta 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
i70.45%abrigo 
j29.26%inyección 
ĩ0.28%domingo 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
x95.96%ovej
χ4.04%juez 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%kilómetro 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l100.00%lunes 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%médico 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n92.21%man
ŋ5.19%domingo 
m1.04%sinvergüenza 
ɲ0.35%ancho 
ñÑ
IPA Frequency Example
ɲ97.37%uñ
ɳ2.63%añadir 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
o98.73%hizo 
õ0.95%conversación 
ɔ0.32%formación 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%pasa 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɾ85.43%abril 
r14.57%radio 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s99.14%s 
z0.86%mismo 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%taza 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
u70.15%cubo 
w26.15%escuela 
silent3.38%guerrero 
ũ0.31%preguntar 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
b54.86%vaso 
β45.14%cuev
wW
IPA Frequency Example
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks100.00%extraño 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
ʝ44.74%play
j42.11%tuy
i13.16%hay 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
θ100.00%marz