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The Spanish Alphabet

This page shows the Spanish alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of Spanish.

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Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
a95.14%jardín 
ä4.26%cada 
ã0.38%mano 
ɑ0.23%cabeza 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b51.33%hombro 
β48.67%abrigo 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k65.07%cocina 
θ33.82%cocina 
s1.10%onc
dD
IPA Frequency Example
ð59.56%soldad
d40.44%diccionario 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
e97.53%mantequilla 
2.07%entonces 
ɛ0.39%guerrero 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%faro 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ43.71%gato 
ɣ32.93%abogado 
x18.56%gina 
g3.59%sinvergüenza 
ɰ1.20%suegra 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
silent100.00%hijo 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
i70.45%tiza 
j29.26%dieciséis 
ĩ0.28%domingo 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
x95.96%hij
χ4.04%juez 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%kilómetro 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l100.00%color 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%miel 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n92.21%entonces 
ŋ5.19%naranja 
m1.04%sinvergüenza 
ɲ0.35%ancho 
ñÑ
IPA Frequency Example
ɲ97.37%niñ
ɳ2.63%añadir 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
o98.73%uno 
õ0.95%conversación 
ɔ0.32%formación 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%pulmón 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɾ85.43%carne 
r14.57%radio 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s99.14%soldado 
z0.86%mismo 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%tuyo 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
u70.15%lluvia 
w26.15%nueve 
silent3.38%guerrero 
ũ0.31%preguntar 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
b54.86%vaca 
β45.14%cuev
wW
IPA Frequency Example
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks100.00%extraño 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
ʝ44.74%y
j42.11%tuy
i13.16%muy 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
θ100.00%zapato