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The Sounds of Spanish

Below is a list of the common sounds of Spanish and the letter groups used to represent these sounds. Letters and groups of letters may have different sounds, and this is shown along with their IPA symbols (International Phonetic Alphabet) and their frequency of occurrence.

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Spelling IPA Frequency Example
a
a95.14%cuatro 
ä4.26%cabo 
ã0.38%mano 
ɑ0.23%calle 
b
b51.33%buey 
β48.67%ib
c
k65.07%músic
θ33.82%cruc
s1.10%onc
ch
100.00%noch
d
ð59.56%abogad
d40.44%espald
e
e97.53%suegra 
2.07%entonces 
ɛ0.39%guerrero 
f
f100.00%marfil 
g
ɡ43.71%guerra 
ɣ32.93%iglesia 
x18.56%cirugía 
g3.59%alg
ɰ1.20%suegra 
h
silent100.00%hoy 
i
i70.45%quince 
j29.26%siete 
ĩ0.28%domingo 
j
x95.96%roj
χ4.04%juez 
k
k100.00%kilómetro 
l
l100.00%pulmón 
ll
ʎ95.16%llorar 
ʝ4.84%martill
m
m100.00%comer 
n
n92.21%preguntar 
ŋ5.19%naranja 
m1.04%sinvergüenza 
ɲ0.35%poncho 
o
o98.73%agosto 
õ0.95%entonces 
ɔ0.32%formación 
p
p100.00%siempre 
qu
k100.00%bosqu
r
ɾ85.43%por 
r14.57%chillar 
rr
r100.00%guerr
s
s99.14%hasta 
z0.86%mismo 
t
t100.00%dient
u
u70.15%muslo 
w26.15%después 
silent3.38%guerra 
ũ0.31%preguntar 
v
b54.86%cierv
β45.14%avión 
x
ks100.00%extraño 
y
ʝ44.74%y
j42.11%tuy
i13.16%muy 
z
θ100.00%cabez
á
a100.00%página 
é
e100.00%tambié
í
i100.00%bahí
ñ
ɲ97.37%niñ
ɳ2.63%añadir 
ó
o94.23%jabó
õ5.77%conversació
ú
u100.00%música 
ü
w100.00%vergüenza