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The Sounds of Spanish

Below is a list of the common sounds of Spanish and the letter groups used to represent these sounds. Letters and groups of letters may have different sounds, and this is shown along with their IPA symbols (International Phonetic Alphabet) and their frequency of occurrence.

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Spelling IPA Frequency Example
a
a95.14%hacia 
ä4.26%mantequilla 
ã0.38%mano 
ɑ0.23%calle 
b
b51.33%libro 
β48.67%nublado 
c
k65.07%comida 
θ33.82%doc
s1.10%onc
ch
100.00%noch
d
ð59.56%pescad
d40.44%doce 
e
e97.53%parte 
2.07%señor 
ɛ0.39%guerrero 
f
f100.00%febrero 
g
ɡ43.71%doming
ɣ32.93%aguja 
x18.56%gina 
g3.59%sinvergüenza 
ɰ1.20%suegra 
h
silent100.00%hablar 
i
i70.45%mantequilla 
j29.26%viernes 
ĩ0.28%domingo 
j
x95.96%jardín 
χ4.04%juez 
k
k100.00%kilómetro 
l
l100.00%leche 
ll
ʎ95.16%camell
ʝ4.84%martill
m
m100.00%mar 
n
n92.21%con 
ŋ5.19%naranja 
m1.04%sinvergüenza 
ɲ0.35%poncho 
o
o98.73%uno 
õ0.95%conversación 
ɔ0.32%formación 
p
p100.00%perro 
qu
k100.00%qu
r
ɾ85.43%parte 
r14.57%trece 
rr
r100.00%tierr
s
s99.14%agosto 
z0.86%mismo 
t
t100.00%pimient
u
u70.15%su 
w26.15%rueda 
silent3.38%guerra 
ũ0.31%preguntar 
v
b54.86%viernes 
β45.14%clav
x
ks100.00%extraño 
y
ʝ44.74%y
j42.11%suy
i13.16%hay 
z
θ100.00%zorro 
á
a100.00%lápiz 
é
e100.00%tambié
í
i100.00%tí
ñ
ɲ97.37%niñ
ɳ2.63%añadir 
ó
o94.23%pulmó
õ5.77%conversació
ú
u100.00%azúcar 
ü
w100.00%vergüenza