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The Sounds of Spanish

Below is a list of the common sounds of Spanish and the letter groups used to represent these sounds. Letters and groups of letters may have different sounds, and this is shown along with their IPA symbols (International Phonetic Alphabet) and their frequency of occurrence.

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Spelling IPA Frequency Example
a
a95.14%cueva 
ä4.26%añadir 
ã0.38%mano 
ɑ0.23%calle 
b
b51.33%bicicleta 
β48.67%estab
c
k65.07%cantar 
θ33.82%catorc
s1.10%onc
ch
100.00%escuchar 
d
ð59.56%verdura 
d40.44%cuand
e
e97.53%desde 
2.07%entonces 
ɛ0.39%guerrero 
f
f100.00%fue 
g
ɡ43.71%ganso 
ɣ32.93%preguntar 
x18.56%ingeniero 
g3.59%sinvergüenza 
ɰ1.20%suegra 
h
silent100.00%hacer 
i
i70.45%si
j29.26%lluvi
ĩ0.28%domingo 
j
x95.96%roj
χ4.04%juez 
k
k100.00%kilómetro 
l
l100.00%playa 
ll
ʎ95.16%chillar 
ʝ4.84%martill
m
m100.00%mejilla 
n
n92.21%formación 
ŋ5.19%cincuenta 
m1.04%sinvergüenza 
ɲ0.35%poncho 
o
o98.73%ancho 
õ0.95%entonces 
ɔ0.32%formación 
p
p100.00%perfume 
qu
k100.00%qu
r
ɾ85.43%parte 
r14.57%libr
rr
r100.00%pizarr
s
s99.14%agosto 
z0.86%mismo 
t
t100.00%plat
u
u70.15%una 
w26.15%lengu
silent3.38%guerra 
ũ0.31%preguntar 
v
b54.86%vergüenza 
β45.14%lluvia 
x
ks100.00%extraño 
y
ʝ44.74%play
j42.11%hoy 
i13.16%hay 
z
θ100.00%vez 
á
a100.00%má
é
e100.00%dieciséis 
í
i100.00%así 
ñ
ɲ97.37%niñ
ɳ2.63%añadir 
ó
o94.23%pulmó
õ5.77%conversació
ú
u100.00%música 
ü
w100.00%sinvergüenza