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German Sentence of the Day

Sentence

Er ist seit einem halben Monat nicht mehr hier gewesen.

Translation

He hasn't been here for half a month.



Analysis


er
     pron. (personal) he.
     pron. (personal) it (when the grammatical gender of the object/article/thing/animal etc., being referred to, is masculine (der)).
ist
     v. third-person singular present of sein
     sein
          v. (with a predicate adjective or predicate nominative) to be
          v. (with a predicate adjective and an indirect object) to feel (to experience a certain condition)
          v. (auxiliary) forms the present perfect and past perfect tense of certain intransitive verbs
          v. (intransitive) to exist; there be; to be alive
          v. (intransitive, colloquial) to have the next turn (in a game, in a queue, etc.)
          v. (intransitive, child language) to be it; to be the tagger in a game of tag
          det. his
          det. its (when the owning object/article/thing/animal etc., is neuter (das) or masculine (m))
seit
     conj. since
     prep. since
     prep. for
einem
     num. inflected form of ein
     art. inflected form of ein (a, an)
     pron. masculine dative of einer (one)
     pron. neuter dative of einer (one)
halben
     adj. inflected form of halb
     halb
          adj. half, halfway
          adv. a half-hour before, thirty minutes before (used with the number of the following hour)
Monat
     n-m. month
nicht
     adv. not
     interj. (tag question, dated or formal) right?; is it?; is it not?
mehr
     adj. comparative degree of viel; more
     adv. more
     adv. no longer, never again, nothing more (+ negation)
hier
     adv. (location) here; in this place; refers to an environment one is currently in, or to something within reach
     adv. (location) there; right there; in that place; refers to something that is considered nearby, or can be seen and pointed at
     adv. (abstract) here (within this context)
     adv. used with the definite article or the determiner dieser, , this, that to express proximity (“this”)
gewesen
     Participle. past participle of sein - been
     sein
          v. (with a predicate adjective or predicate nominative) to be
          v. (with a predicate adjective and an indirect object) to feel (to experience a certain condition)
          v. (auxiliary) forms the present perfect and past perfect tense of certain intransitive verbs
          v. (intransitive) to exist; there be; to be alive
          v. (intransitive, colloquial) to have the next turn (in a game, in a queue, etc.)
          v. (intransitive, child language) to be it; to be the tagger in a game of tag
          det. his
          det. its (when the owning object/article/thing/animal etc., is neuter (das) or masculine (m))


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