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Lexis Rex - English

The Sounds of English

Below is a list of the common sounds of English and the letter groups used to represent these sounds. Letters and groups of letters may have different sounds, and this is shown along with their IPA symbols (International Phonetic Alphabet) and their frequency of occurrence.

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Spelling IPA Frequency Example
a
æ33.88%hand 
ə28.99%pajama
20.57%cake 
ɑ5.03%bathroom 
ɛ3.47%hair 
a2.75%handkerchief 
ɪ1.92%bandage 
ɔ1.63%salt 
ɒ1.23%swallow 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
ai
100.00%sailor 
al
100.00%social 
ar
ɑ62.22%scar
ə32.96%lizar
ɔ4.81%war
au
ɔ97.92%laundry 
a2.08%laugh 
augh
ɔ77.78%daughter 
ɑf22.22%laughing 
aw
ɔ100.00%jaw 
b
b100.00%bath 
bb
b100.00%rabbit 
c
k77.19%cough 
s22.81%spic
cc
k100.00%broccoli 
ch
45.65%chalk 
k21.30%school 
ʃ20.00%chef 
t͡ʃ13.04%peach 
ci
ʃ80.00%musician 
ʃi20.00%species 
ck
k100.00%blackboard 
d
d100.00%bird 
dd
d100.00%ladder 
don
dn̩100.00%abandoned 
e
ɛ43.75%seven 
ɪ22.88%detective 
ə18.90%kitche
i8.37%species 
e4.39%engineer 
ɪə1.70%beer 
ea
i66.67%pea 
ɛ28.46%weather 
ɪ2.44%dea
ɪə2.44%idea 
ear
ɜ32.50%hear
ɛə10.00%bear 
ɪə̯7.50%ear 
eau
ju100.00%beautiful 
ed
d100.00%used 
ee
i100.00%coffee 
eigh
100.00%eighteen 
er
ə39.34%ladder 
əɹ31.97%butcher 
ɜ16.72%detergent 
ɚ11.97%teacher 
eu
ju100.00%neutral 
ew
ju100.00%newspaper 
ey
i100.00%honey 
f
f100.00%face 
ff
f100.00%coffee 
g
ɡ62.93%frog 
27.65%psychological 
ʒ4.48%hedg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
gg
ɡ100.00%egg 
gh
f100.00%laugh 
gion
dʒən100.00%regional 
h
h100.00%heart 
i
ɪ74.61%musician 
15.34%nineteen 
i4.64%taxi 
ə3.88%security 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%require 
ie
i100.00%piece 
igh
100.00%ligh
ir
ɜ55.77%gir
ə44.23%stair
j
87.62%banj
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
k
k100.00%key 
kn
n100.00%kneel 
l
l98.00%pol
ɫ1.39%silver 
əl0.60%cruel 
le
əl100.00%table 
ll
l100.00%wall 
m
m100.00%bathroom 
mm
m100.00%commission 
n
n96.48%trainer 
ŋ3.52%sin
ng
ŋ100.00%writing 
nn
n100.00%bonnet 
o
ə30.58%carro
ɒ26.97%broccoli 
əʊ16.92%wardrobe 
o6.88%piano 
ʌ5.85%oven 
ɔ5.28%toilet 
ɑ5.11%photographer 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
oa
əʊ49.02%coast 
ɔ31.37%dashboard 
19.61%soa
oe
ʌ100.00%doe
oo
u64.12%balloo
ʊ33.59%boo
ʌ2.29%floo
or
ɔ91.63%unifor
ɜ8.37%wor
ou
74.10%mouth 
u13.67%voluptuou
ʌ11.51%touch 
ɑʊ0.72%found 
ough
ɔ69.23%though
ʌf30.77%tough 
oul
ʊ100.00%woul
our
ɔɹ83.33%four 
əɹ16.67%colour 
ous
əs100.00%famous 
ow
əʊ56.84%window 
43.16%towel 
p
p100.00%pajamas 
ph
f100.00%photographer 
pp
p100.00%apple 
ps
s100.00%psychological 
qu
kw77.65%require 
k22.35%liquor 
r
ɹ69.46%street 
r24.03%microwave 
ə3.31%furnitur
əɹ3.20%security 
rr
ɹ100.00%carrot 
s
s81.30%peninsula 
z17.28%stairs 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%pleasure 
sh
ʃ100.00%shrug 
sion
ʒən72.00%television 
ʃən28.00%tension 
ss
s98.17%class 
ʃ1.83%pressure 
ssion
ʃən100.00%mission 
t
t100.00%potat
th
θ68.18%mouth 
ð31.82%father 
tion
ʃən97.69%dictionary 
ʃn̩2.31%addition 
tt
t100.00%lettuce 
tu
100.00%furniture 
u
ʌ48.46%judge 
ju19.51%music 
ə13.04%pleasure 
u7.19%flute 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%usually 
ɪ1.44%guitar 
ue
u100.00%blue 
ui
u100.00%frui
ur
ɜ92.86%purple 
ɜr7.14%turning 
v
v100.00%oven 
w
w95.39%wheel 
ʊ4.61%rainbow 
wh
ʍ84.62%when 
hw15.38%which 
wr
ɹ100.00%write 
x
ks84.92%tax
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%anxious 
y
i69.47%baby 
ɪ15.58%boy 
10.59%psychiatrist 
j4.36%yellow 
z
z100.00%sneez
zz
z100.00%jazz