The Sounds of Spanish

Below is a list of the common sounds of Spanish and the letter groups used to represent these sounds. Letters and groups of letters may have different sounds, and this is shown along with their IPA symbols (International Phonetic Alphabet) and their frequency of occurrence.

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Spelling IPA Frequency Example
a
a95.14%a 
ä4.26%mantequilla 
ã0.38%mano 
ɑ0.23%calle 
b
b51.33%abuela 
β48.67%calabaza 
c
k65.07%cómo 
θ33.82%cerveza 
s1.10%onc
ch
100.00%pech
d
ð59.56%verdura 
d40.44%doce 
e
e97.53%desde 
2.07%diente 
ɛ0.39%guerrero 
f
f100.00%perfume 
g
ɡ43.71%abrig
ɣ32.93%abogado 
x18.56%cirugía 
g3.59%alg
ɰ1.20%guante 
h
silent100.00%hizo 
i
i70.45%mi 
j29.26%cien 
ĩ0.28%domingo 
j
x95.96%abej
χ4.04%juez 
k
k100.00%kilómetro 
l
l100.00%musl
ll
ʎ95.16%chillar 
ʝ4.84%martill
m
m100.00%perfum
n
n92.21%canción 
ŋ5.19%cincuenta 
m1.04%sinvergüenza 
ɲ0.35%ancho 
o
o98.73%globo 
õ0.95%conversación 
ɔ0.32%formación 
p
p100.00%pimienta 
qu
k100.00%bosqu
r
ɾ85.43%frío 
r14.57%libr
rr
r100.00%marrón 
s
s99.14%ques
z0.86%mismo 
t
t100.00%orquest
u
u70.15%uva 
w26.15%lengu
silent3.38%guerra 
ũ0.31%preguntar 
v
b54.86%vaca 
β45.14%clav
x
ks100.00%extraño 
y
ʝ44.74%y
j42.11%hoy 
i13.16%muy 
z
θ100.00%hiz
á
a100.00%matemáticas 
é
e100.00%dieciséis 
í
i100.00%tí
ñ
ɲ97.37%niñ
ɳ2.63%añadir 
ó
o94.23%marró
õ5.77%conversació
ú
u100.00%azúcar 
ü
w100.00%vergüenza