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Common Chinese Words

A list of the most common Chinese words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Chinese.

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1
     1. I, mewǒ, ě
           認識 高興xìng。 - I am pleased to meet you.
     2. (dialectal) we, us
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     1. (informal) you (the person spoken to or written to)
           你好 - hello
            今天 ? - How are you today?
            喜歡 。 - I like you.
3
     1. bright; clear; distinctdì, dí
     2. white; white-coloured
     3. white forehead of horses; white-foreheaded horse
     4. centre of target for archery
     5. aim; standard; criterion
     6. target; objective
           目的dì - purpose, aim, goal
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     1. (obsolete) this; this thingshì
     2. (copulative) to be.
     3.    (indicating that the subject and object are the same.)
     4.   泰晤士河 是 ^英國 第二 長 的 河流。 - The River Thames is the second longest river in the UK.
     5.    (indicating that the subject has the qualities described by a noun or noun phrase.)
     6.   我 是 老師 - I am a teacher
     7.   我 是 中國人 - I am Chinese.
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     1. adv. (obsolete) The appearance of something hanging.liǎodiǎo
     2. (Used after a verb to indicate perfective aspect (action completion).)le
            蘋果。 - I ate an apple.
     3. (Used at the end of a sentence to indicate a change of state.)
            大學生 。 - He has become a student / He is a student now.
     4. to be finished; to be completedliǎo
     5. to end; to finish
6
     1. (Mandarin) he; him; she; her (originally gender-neutral; nowadays usually referring to males)
            。 - He went away.
            認識shi 。 - I know him.
     2. other; another
            - have no other request (formal)
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     1. (Suffix indicating plural for pronouns, some animated nouns and personifications.)men, mén
           我們 - we
           孩子zi - children
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     1. tiny; insignificantmó, mǒ
     2. usage. oneyāo, āo
           幺麼麽mó - small; minute
     3. usage. tiny, small
     4. usage. 么 is used instead of 幺 in mahjong.
     5. adj. tiny; minute
           幺麼麽mó - small; minute
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     1. to have; to possess (when a subject is present)yǒu
            。 - I have two cars.
     2. there is; to exist (when a subject is absent)
            。 - There are a lot of people.
           這兒r ? - Are there any books here?
     3. (euphemistic) to be pregnant with a child
     4. abundant; affluent
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     1. (located) in, atzài
     2. to exist, to be (located)
     3. be ...-ing, in the middle of doing something (indicating an action in progress)
     4. during; in
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     1. this; thesezhè, zhèi
            。 - Read this book.
            故事。 - This is an old story.
     2. (zh-synonym, 這樣, like this; such)
            不行! - This is not okay!
     3. at this moment; right away; at once
            。 - I'll go now.
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     1. file of ten soldiersshén, shí
     2. 10
     3. num. ten (used in fractions)
     4. adj. miscellaneous, assorted
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     1. not (preceding verbs and adjectives)
           這個 。 - This is not good.
            。 - He does not love you.
     2. no (answer to a yes-no question)
            日本人 不是。 - Are you Japanese? No, I'm not.
     3. (Used with就 to indicate the first of two alternatives.)
            每天 不是 上班就是 義工一點兒r 休息 時間 沒有。 - Everyday, he either goes to work or volunteers, not leaving any time for rest.
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     1. that; thosenà, nèi
            ? - Who is that person?
            什麼? - What's that?
     2. (Used after咋就.) so; that
     3. then; in that case
            ? - (Then) what about me?
     4. (dated) (zh-alt-form, 哪, which; where)nǎ, něi
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     1. to come; to arrivelái
     2. to happen; to occur
     3. to do ((specific meaning depending on the context))
     4. since
     5. next; coming; future
     6. (after a number) about; approximately; around
     7. (Used after a verb of motion to indicate movement toward the speaker.)
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     1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №1
     2. one
     3. each; every
     4. single; alone
     5. whole; entire; all: throughout
     6. same; identical
     7. (With the verb modified reduplicated, expressing the transience of the verb.)
17
           yāo - to requestyāo
           yāo - to threaten, to blackmail
           yāo - to restrict, to agree to a contract/offer/bid
           yāo - to intercept, to ambush
           久要yāo - former contract
     1. to want; to wish; to needyào
            睡覺jiào。 - I want to sleep.
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     1. piece; item; individualgè, ge
            - an individual; personal
            - individuality
     2. size; height
           zi - height; stature
           r - size
     3. separate; respective; separately; individually
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     1. to approach; to move towardsjiù
     2. to undertake; to engage in
     3. to succeed; to complete
     4. to comply; to follow; to accept
     5. to suffer; to be subjected to
     6. (of food) to go with
     7. with regard to; concerning
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     1. li (a unit of distance equal to half a kilometre in modern China)
     2. in, inside
           公里 - kilometre
     3. place
     4. village (an administrative unit in the Republic of China)
     5. inside, interior, within
     6. lane (a type of road in Hong Kong)
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary
Word list from OpenSubtitles