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Common Korean Words

A list of the most common Korean words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Korean.

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1
     1. n. A thing; an object, one (impersonal pronoun)
           비싼 것 - an expensive thing; something expensive; an (the) expensive one
     2. n. (used to create noun phrases) what; the thing which
           내-가 원하-는 것 - what I want
2 하다
     1. v. I. 「…을 하다」
     2. v. to do
           하루 분의 일을 하다 - to do a full day of work
     3. v. to make; to arrange; to cook
           내일 먹을 밥을 미리 하다 - to cook rice ahead for tomorrow
3 있다
     1. v. to be (in a place); to exist
           뉴욕-은 미국-에 있다. - New York is in the United States.
           물속-에 물고기-가 있다. - There are fish in the water.
     2. v. To be (in a state)
           서 있다 - to be standing
4 되다
     1. v. to become
           왕이 되다 - to become king
     2. v. (of a time) to come, to arrive
           약속한 시간이 되었다. - The appointed time has arrived.
     3. v. (as an auxiliary verb after a verb in its ko-l), ko-l, —아, or ko-l, —해 form to be permissible; to be OK; may
5
     1. n. way, means, possibility
     2. n. male (non-human)
     3. n. number
           수를 세다
             sureul seda
6
     1. pron. I, the first-person singular plain (non-polite) pronoun
     2. part. just; at least
           (koex, 하던 거나 하련다., Gonna do just what I've been doing.)
     3. part. or
           (koex, 진주나 창원 쪽으로 가려면 몇 번 국도를 타야 하나요?, What route should I take to get to Jinju or Changwon?)
7
     1. det. (demonstrative) that (of what has been already said or known)
     2. pron. (demonstrative) that (of what has been already said or known) (see ko-l, 그것, , that thing)
     3. pron. (literary) he; she
8 없다
     1. adj. there are none; (to be) lacking; (to be) nonexistent
     2. adj. not
9 않다
     1. adj. (adjective-지 않다)(auxiliary) not
           어렵-지 않다. - It's not hard.
     2. v. (verb-지 않다) (auxiliary) not
           사-지 않았습니다. - (I) didn't buy (it).
     3. v. (를 않다) not to do something
10 사람
     1. n. person; human; people
11 우리
     1. pron. we, us
     2. pron. our
     3. pron. (when referring to one's own family members) my
           -
     4. n. cage, pen, coop
12
     1. n. A tooth or teeth.
           이 없으면 잇몸으로 산다. — literally without teeth, I would live with the gum..
     2. n. louse
     3. det. this
           이 그림을 본 적이 있다. (i geurimeul bon jeogi itda.) I have seen this picture.
13 아니다
     1. adj. to be not (something)
           사람-은 짐승이 아니다. - Men are not animals.
14 보다
     1. v. to see, look at
     2. v. to look after (a baby, child, house, etc.)
           아이-를 보다 - to look after a child
     3. v. to watch (a film, TV, etc.)
           영화-를 보다 - to watch a film
15
     1. n. back.
     2. n. lantern, compare 등불.
     3. n. rank.
     4. n. et cetera, often in series: 등등.
16
     1. n. time
     2. n. an occasion, the time when...
           어렸을 때 - when one was young/ when one was a child
     3. n. dirt, especially dead skin produced by exfoliation
17
     1. interj. well!
     2. n. thing.
     3. n. what, that which.
           그건 내 한 거예요.
             That’s what I did.
18 같다
     1. adj. (to be) the same
           같은 말-을 되풀이하다 - to say the same thing over and over
     2. adj. (to be) like or similar (often used with (ko-l, 와)/ko-l, 과)
     3. adj. (to be) probably so; (to be) apparently so
           In this sense, it often follows (ko-l, 것) and is often translated as it looks like.
19 주다
     1. v. to give
           선물-을 주다 - to give a present
     2. v. (auxiliary verb) to do for someone else
20 대하다
     1. v. to pertain or relate to a topic
     2. v. to greet or respond to
     3. v. to face, to stand across from
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary