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The Russian Alphabet

This page shows the Russian alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words. Note that Russian letters take on quite different shapes for capitals and italics. The best way to learn the letters is:
  • Review the letters and their sounds on this page.
  • Click on Flash Cards to play Multiple Choice, Flash Cards and Test to learn the letters off by heart.
  • To really sharpen your ear to the sounds of Russian, click on the Spelling button below to learn how to spell based on the sounds in the word. Don't worry about not knowing the meaning of the words yet, to learn those you can click on the Vocabulary Sets menu item.


Letter Capital Italic PronounceExample
аАаpronunciationактёр pronunciation
апрель pronunciation
алкогольные напитки pronunciation
архитектор pronunciation
автомобильный коврик pronunciation
май pronunciation
два pronunciation
чай pronunciation
еда pronunciation
бБбpronunciationбинт pronunciation
белый pronunciation
брат pronunciation
бедро pronunciation
баклажан pronunciation
зуб pronunciation
краб pronunciation
юбка pronunciation
рыба pronunciation
вВвpronunciationвосемьдесят пять pronunciation
ванная комната pronunciation
восемьдесят семь pronunciation
два pronunciation
овощ pronunciation
овца pronunciation
пиво pronunciation
цвет pronunciation
лиловый pronunciation
розовый pronunciation
гГгpronunciationгайка pronunciation
газонокосилка pronunciation
глотать pronunciation
груша pronunciation
гора pronunciation
игла pronunciation
враг pronunciation
нога pronunciation
снег pronunciation
дДдpronunciationдамская сумка pronunciation
девять pronunciation
дождливо pronunciation
дыня pronunciation
сад pronunciation
еда pronunciation
мед pronunciation
дыня pronunciation
еЕеpronunciationеда pronunciation
есть pronunciation
мел pronunciation
мед pronunciation
шея pronunciation
лес pronunciation
фен pronunciation
ёЁёpronunciationёмкость для еды pronunciation
актёр pronunciation
свёкр pronunciation
жЖжpronunciationживая изгородь pronunciation
животное pronunciation
журнал pronunciation
жарко pronunciation
нож pronunciation
кожа pronunciation
пляж pronunciation
дождь pronunciation
ложка pronunciation
зЗзpronunciationзеркало pronunciation
изюм pronunciation
глаз pronunciation
язык pronunciation
арбуз pronunciation
язык pronunciation
музыка pronunciation
музыкант pronunciation
указывать pronunciation
иИиpronunciationигла pronunciation
изюм pronunciation
инженер pronunciation
июль pronunciation
инструмент pronunciation
кит pronunciation
рис pronunciation
три pronunciation
хаки pronunciation
шина pronunciation
This letter's name is и́ кра́ткое ‎(í krátkoje, “short i”) or ий ‎(ij), and it sounds like the y in York or boy.
йЙйpronunciationйогурт pronunciation
май pronunciation
чай pronunciation
яйцо pronunciation
лейка pronunciation
белый pronunciation
кКкpronunciationкухня pronunciation
кепка pronunciation
кожа pronunciation
клавиша pronunciation
кухонные щипцы pronunciation
лук pronunciation
сок pronunciation
хаки pronunciation
лЛлpronunciationлицо pronunciation
лифт pronunciation
лизать pronunciation
лук pronunciation
лопатка pronunciation
мел pronunciation
пол pronunciation
хлеб pronunciation
июль pronunciation
белый pronunciation
улыбаться pronunciation
мМмpronunciationмебель pronunciation
морковь pronunciation
маркер pronunciation
мороз pronunciation
дом pronunciation
лом pronunciation
змея pronunciation
гром pronunciation
мыс pronunciation
мыло pronunciation
мышь pronunciation
нНнpronunciationночная сорочка pronunciation
наносить удар кулаком pronunciation
ножницы pronunciation
напитки pronunciation
сын pronunciation
сон pronunciation
фен pronunciation
бинт pronunciation
шина pronunciation
ученый pronunciation
черный pronunciation
зеленый pronunciation
красный pronunciation
оОоpronunciationовощ pronunciation
облачно pronunciation
нож pronunciation
нос pronunciation
дом pronunciation
сок pronunciation
пПпpronunciationпогода pronunciation
подмигивать pronunciation
поезд pronunciation
пустыня pronunciation
пчела pronunciation
суп pronunciation
храп pronunciation
гипс pronunciation
лампа pronunciation
тапок pronunciation
распылитель pronunciation
рРрpronunciationраковина pronunciation
распылитель pronunciation
рыбак pronunciation
три pronunciation
хор pronunciation
сыр pronunciation
врач pronunciation
рыба pronunciation
рыбак pronunciation
крыша pronunciation
серый pronunciation
сСсpronunciationструна pronunciation
стоматолог pronunciation
соль pronunciation
сточная канава pronunciation
мыс pronunciation
нос pronunciation
лес pronunciation
рис pronunciation
сын pronunciation
сыр pronunciation
часы pronunciation
бусы pronunciation
тТтpronunciationтреугольник pronunciation
температура pronunciation
тридцать три pronunciation
кит pronunciation
рот pronunciation
сто pronunciation
пять pronunciation
тыква pronunciation
шорты pronunciation
желтый pronunciation
фрукты pronunciation
четыре pronunciation
уУуpronunciationухо pronunciation
улыбаться pronunciation
указатель pronunciation
удобрение pronunciation
ударить pronunciation
суп pronunciation
душ pronunciation
лук pronunciation
зуб pronunciation
фФфpronunciationфевраль pronunciation
фрукты pronunciation
фермер pronunciation
фуникулёр pronunciation
фотограф pronunciation
лифт pronunciation
шарф pronunciation
арфа pronunciation
кофе pronunciation
конфета pronunciation
хХхpronunciationхолм pronunciation
хор pronunciation
хирургия pronunciation
холодильник pronunciation
хлопья pronunciation
ухо pronunciation
орех pronunciation
яхта pronunciation
кухня pronunciation
цЦцpronunciationцветная капуста pronunciation
циклон pronunciation
цвет лайма pronunciation
цвет слоновой кости pronunciation
яйцо pronunciation
овца pronunciation
лицо pronunciation
перец pronunciation
палец pronunciation
ягодицы pronunciation
ножницы pronunciation
плоскогубцы pronunciation
кухонные щипцы pronunciation
чЧчpronunciationчерный pronunciation
чихать pronunciation
чашка pronunciation
очки pronunciation
врач pronunciation
дочь pronunciation
шШшpronunciationшарф pronunciation
шестьдесят семь pronunciation
шуруп pronunciation
шея pronunciation
шланг pronunciation
душ pronunciation
мышь pronunciation
крыша pronunciation
чашка pronunciation
груша pronunciation
щЩщpronunciationщека pronunciation
щетка pronunciation
овощ pronunciation
плащ pronunciation
пещера pronunciation
женщина pronunciation
ящерица pronunciation
The letter твёрдый знак ‎(“hard sign”). This letter has no sound of its own, but modifies that of the preceding consonant, causing it to be pronounced hard.
ъЪъpronunciationподъездная аллея pronunciation
ручка стеклоподъемника pronunciation
ыЫыpronunciationмыс pronunciation
сын pronunciation
сыр pronunciation
The letter мя́гкий знак ‎(“soft sign”). This letter has no sound of its own, but modifies that of the preceding consonant, causing it to be pronounced soft.
ьЬьpronunciationсоль pronunciation
июнь pronunciation
ноль pronunciation
петь pronunciation
пить pronunciation
эЭэpronunciationэскалатор pronunciation
экипаж pronunciation
электрик pronunciation
каноэ pronunciation
юЮюpronunciationюрист pronunciation
юбка pronunciation
июнь pronunciation
изюм pronunciation
июль pronunciation
рюмка pronunciation
яЯяpronunciationязык pronunciation
ящик для инструментов pronunciation
ясно pronunciation
яхта pronunciation
яблоко pronunciation
шея pronunciation
дыня pronunciation
змея pronunciation
пляж pronunciation
тетя pronunciation


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Spelling