Find an Online Russian Tutor

Lexis Rex Home





The Russian Alphabet

This page shows the Russian alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words. Note that Russian letters take on quite different shapes for capitals and italics. The best way to learn the letters is:
  • Review the letters and their sounds on this page.
  • Click on Flash Cards to play Multiple Choice, Flash Cards and Test to learn the letters off by heart.
  • To really sharpen your ear to the sounds of Russian, click on the Spelling button below to learn how to spell based on the sounds in the word. Don't worry about not knowing the meaning of the words yet, to learn those you can click on the Vocabulary Sets menu item.


Letter Capital Italic PronounceExample
аАаpronunciationавгуст pronunciation
апрель pronunciation
автобус pronunciation
автобусная остановка pronunciation
алкогольные напитки pronunciation
сад pronunciation
еда pronunciation
май pronunciation
два pronunciation
бБбpronunciationбаклажан pronunciation
бусы pronunciation
барабан pronunciation
бинт pronunciation
зуб pronunciation
губа pronunciation
хлеб pronunciation
краб pronunciation
юбка pronunciation
вВвpronunciationвосемьдесят девять pronunciation
вешалка pronunciation
выхлопная труба pronunciation
два pronunciation
овощ pronunciation
цвет pronunciation
овца pronunciation
лиловый pronunciation
розовый pronunciation
гГгpronunciationгеография pronunciation
гусь pronunciation
губная гармошка pronunciation
друг pronunciation
игла pronunciation
враг pronunciation
нога pronunciation
дДдpronunciationдвенадцать pronunciation
девятнадцать pronunciation
двадцать семь pronunciation
двадцать один pronunciation
дом pronunciation
мед pronunciation
сад pronunciation
еда pronunciation
дыня pronunciation
еЕеpronunciationеда pronunciation
есть pronunciation
лес pronunciation
фен pronunciation
мел pronunciation
шея pronunciation
мед pronunciation
ёЁёpronunciationёмкость для еды pronunciation
актёр pronunciation
жЖжpronunciationжурнал pronunciation
жилет pronunciation
желудок pronunciation
женщина pronunciation
желтый pronunciation
нож pronunciation
кожа pronunciation
пляж pronunciation
дождь pronunciation
зЗзpronunciationзевать pronunciation
зубная паста pronunciation
зубная щетка pronunciation
язык pronunciation
глаз pronunciation
изюм pronunciation
гроза pronunciation
язык pronunciation
музыка pronunciation
музыкант pronunciation
указывать pronunciation
иИиpronunciationинженер pronunciation
июнь pronunciation
игровая площадка pronunciation
инвалидное кресло pronunciation
игла pronunciation
три pronunciation
кит pronunciation
рис pronunciation
один pronunciation
пила pronunciation
This letter's name is и́ кра́ткое ‎(í krátkoje, “short i”) or ий ‎(ij), and it sounds like the y in York or boy.
йЙйpronunciationйогурт pronunciation
чай pronunciation
май pronunciation
яйцо pronunciation
синий pronunciation
лейка pronunciation
кКкpronunciationкалькулятор pronunciation
красный pronunciation
кухня pronunciation
сок pronunciation
лук pronunciation
паук pronunciation
лЛлpronunciationлапша pronunciation
лосьон после бритья pronunciation
лес pronunciation
лиловый pronunciation
лампа pronunciation
пол pronunciation
мел pronunciation
мыло pronunciation
плащ pronunciation
белый pronunciation
улыбаться pronunciation
мМмpronunciationмыло pronunciation
мышь pronunciation
мужчина pronunciation
дом pronunciation
лом pronunciation
изюм pronunciation
семь pronunciation
мыс pronunciation
мыло pronunciation
мышь pronunciation
нНнpronunciationносовой платок pronunciation
ноль pronunciation
нота pronunciation
сон pronunciation
сын pronunciation
фен pronunciation
кран pronunciation
один pronunciation
ученый pronunciation
черный pronunciation
красный pronunciation
зеленый pronunciation
оОоpronunciationодеяло pronunciation
оркестр pronunciation
отвертка pronunciation
сто pronunciation
ухо pronunciation
лом pronunciation
боб pronunciation
пПпpronunciationпапа pronunciation
песня pronunciation
пурпурный pronunciation
почтовый ящик pronunciation
суп pronunciation
гипс pronunciation
храп pronunciation
спина pronunciation
шприц pronunciation
распылитель pronunciation
рРрpronunciationрот pronunciation
ремень pronunciation
ручка стеклоподъемника pronunciation
растягиваться pronunciation
сыр pronunciation
три pronunciation
хор pronunciation
краб pronunciation
рыба pronunciation
рыбак pronunciation
крыша pronunciation
серый pronunciation
сСсpronunciationсемьдесят три pronunciation
сентябрь pronunciation
семьдесят два pronunciation
ступня pronunciation
мыс pronunciation
нос pronunciation
рис pronunciation
лес pronunciation
сын pronunciation
сыр pronunciation
часы pronunciation
бусы pronunciation
трусы pronunciation
тТтpronunciationтуман pronunciation
торт pronunciation
тридцать один pronunciation
тереть pronunciation
рот pronunciation
сто pronunciation
кит pronunciation
цвет pronunciation
шорты pronunciation
тыква pronunciation
желтый pronunciation
фрукты pronunciation
четыре pronunciation
уУуpronunciationутка pronunciation
удобрение pronunciation
учитель pronunciation
указатель pronunciation
суп pronunciation
душ pronunciation
лук pronunciation
зуб pronunciation
фФфpronunciationфрукты pronunciation
фотограф pronunciation
февраль pronunciation
фермер pronunciation
фуникулёр pronunciation
лифт pronunciation
шарф pronunciation
арфа pronunciation
кофе pronunciation
конфета pronunciation
хХхpronunciationхрап pronunciation
хирургия pronunciation
хлеб pronunciation
холодильник pronunciation
ходить pronunciation
ухо pronunciation
орех pronunciation
яхта pronunciation
бухта pronunciation
цЦцpronunciationциклон pronunciation
цепная пила pronunciation
цветная капуста pronunciation
цвет лайма pronunciation
яйцо pronunciation
овца pronunciation
лицо pronunciation
певец pronunciation
перец pronunciation
ягодицы pronunciation
ножницы pronunciation
плоскогубцы pronunciation
кухонные щипцы pronunciation
чЧчpronunciationчипсы pronunciation
челюсть pronunciation
чтение pronunciation
четверг pronunciation
дочь pronunciation
очки pronunciation
врач pronunciation
шШшpronunciationшесть pronunciation
шляпа pronunciation
шестьдесят семь pronunciation
шорты pronunciation
душ pronunciation
мышь pronunciation
вишня pronunciation
кошка pronunciation
крыша pronunciation
щЩщpronunciationщека pronunciation
щетка pronunciation
овощ pronunciation
плащ pronunciation
пещера pronunciation
женщина pronunciation
ящерица pronunciation
The letter твёрдый знак ‎(“hard sign”). This letter has no sound of its own, but modifies that of the preceding consonant, causing it to be pronounced hard.
ъЪъpronunciationподъездная аллея pronunciation
ручка стеклоподъемника pronunciation
ыЫыpronunciationсын pronunciation
мыс pronunciation
сыр pronunciation
The letter мя́гкий знак ‎(“soft sign”). This letter has no sound of its own, but modifies that of the preceding consonant, causing it to be pronounced soft.
ьЬьpronunciationдочь pronunciation
июль pronunciation
мышь pronunciation
петь pronunciation
эЭэpronunciationэлектрик pronunciation
эскалатор pronunciation
экипаж pronunciation
каноэ pronunciation
юЮюpronunciationюбка pronunciation
юрист pronunciation
июль pronunciation
июнь pronunciation
изюм pronunciation
рюмка pronunciation
яЯяpronunciationящерица pronunciation
язык pronunciation
ягодицы pronunciation
январь pronunciation
яйцо pronunciation
шея pronunciation
пять pronunciation
тетя pronunciation
дыня pronunciation
змея pronunciation


Learn
Flash CardsSpelling