Common Japanese Words

A list of the most common Japanese words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of Japanese.

Flash Cards

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     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable の (no), whose equivalent in katakana is ノ.no
     2. part. genitive case marker
           watashi no iken.
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable に (ni), whose equivalent in katakana is ニ.ni
     2. part. particle for indirect objects; to
     3. part. particle for location; in
     4. part. particle for direction; toward
     5. part. particle indicating a passive agent; by
3 する
     1. v. to dosuru
           何をしていますか。 - なに を して います か。
     2. v. to wear (accessories)
           ネクタイをする。 - ネクタイ を する。
     3. v. Usage: The verb する (“to do”) is seldom written in kanji (為る).
     1. tooth
     1. syllable. (obsolete) The hiragana syllable を (wo), whose equivalent in katakana is ヲ.o
     2. syllable. The hiragana syllable を (o), whose equivalent in katakana is ヲ.
     3. part. An accusative case particle: a grammatical marker following the direct object.
           私がリンゴを食べる - わたし が リンゴ を たべる
           私をリンゴが食べる - わたし を リンゴ が たべる
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable が (ga), whose equivalent in katakana is ガ.ga
     2. part. が: Indicates the subject of a sentence.
     3. part. が: conjunction (but)
     4. part. が or ヶ: Historical possessive used to connect nouns, most often seen in place names as ヶ.
     5. n. 蛾: moth
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable と (to), whose equivalent in katakana is ト.to
     2. part. with
           Boku to ikitai?
     1. yearnen
     2. new year
     3. person's age
     4. counter. years
     5. suffix. a grade, a school year
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable で (de), whose equivalent in katakana is デ.de
     2. part. indicating being at a location.
           Koko de yasumitai.
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable だ (da), whose equivalent in katakana is ダ.da
     2. v. to be
     3. v. Usage: This word is an enclitic just like other particles. It is classified as 助動詞 (jodōshi) in traditional Japanese grammar, because of its particle-like phonological behavior.
     1. As part of a compound, should not be confused with ⺼, form of 肉 (flesh, meat), which is used for example for parts of the body such as 背 (back). These may be drawn identically, as 月, but in careful ustsuki
     2. n. the moon
           日本では月にうさぎが住んでいるというお話があります。 - にほん で は つき に うさぎ が すんで いる と いう お-はなし が あります。
           月は地球の唯一の衛星です。 - つき は ちきゅう の ゆい.いつ の えいせい です。
     3. n. the lunar cycle, a month
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable も (mo), whose equivalent in katakana is モ.mo
     2. part. too, also, so
     3. n. 藻: algae
     4. n. 喪: mourning
13 から
     1. part. from, out ofkara
     2. part. after (following て-form verbs)
     3. part. because (following adjectives and verbs)
     4. n. 空: emptiness
     5. n. 殻: shell
     1. n. sunhi
     2. n. day
     3. n. (obsolete) dayfu
     4. counter. number of dayska
     5. suffix. day of the month
15 成る
     1. v. なる: becomenaru
           私は先生になります。 - わたし は せんせい に なります。
           コーヒーが冷たくなりました。 - コーヒー が つめたく なりました。
16 こと
     1. n. 事: thing, matterkoto
     2. n. 琴: Japanese zither/harp
17 有る
     1. v. to exist (inanimate objects)aru
     2. v. to be (inanimate objects)
     3. v. to have (inanimate objects)
18 よる
     1. v. よる: be based on, depend on, be due to - (at most case)yoru
     2. v. 拠る: be based on, depend on
     3. v. 因る: be due to
     4. v. 寄る: drop by, stop at
     5. v. 選る: select
     1. syllable. The hiragana syllable や (ya), whose equivalent in katakana is ヤ.ya
     2. part. and
           Used to conjoin nouns, や (ya) implies that the list is not limited to the nouns named. Contrast with と (to), the other particle typically used to conjoin nouns, which implies that the list is l
     3. part. is, are
           Variation on the Japanese copula だ (da), associated with (Kansai dialect), particularly Ōsaka. The use of や (ya) is common in fictional dialogue attributed to characters from Ōsaka.
20 など
     1. part. 等: for example, things like, such as, etc., and so onnado
           など (nado) functions as a noun and may be followed by other particles, including の (no).
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary