The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.


Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%apple 
ə28.99%abandon 
20.57%refrigerator 
ɑ5.03%aunt 
ɛ3.47%tomato 
a2.75%handkerchief 
ɪ1.92%chocolate 
ɔ1.63%salt 
ɒ1.23%watch 
ʌ0.54%wasn't 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%bicycle 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%cow 
s22.81%bicycle 
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%idea 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%stretcher 
ɪ22.88%bonne
ə18.90%tunne
i8.37%regional 
e4.39%engineer 
ɪə1.70%deer 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%fine 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%handbag 
27.65%surgeon 
ʒ4.48%hedg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%handbag 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%silver 
15.34%quite 
i4.64%radi
ə3.88%penci
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%idea 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%jeans 
d͡ʒ12.38%juice 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%kitchen 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%light 
ɫ1.39%beautiful 
əl0.60%cruel 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%smile 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%fin
ŋ3.52%uncle 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%potato 
ɒ26.97%frost 
əʊ16.92%pole 
o6.88%coconut 
ʌ5.85%so
ɔ5.28%helicopter 
ɑ5.11%photographer 
u1.55%cano
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%prune 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%frost 
r24.03%grip 
ə3.31%flour 
əɹ3.20%during 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%spice 
z17.28%jeans 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%usually 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%twelve 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%brush 
ju19.51%issu
ə13.04%beautifu
u7.19%ruler 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%push 
ɪ1.44%guitar 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%glov
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%ward 
ʊ4.61%rainbow 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%sixty 
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%luxury 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%usually 
ɪ15.58%boy 
10.59%psychiatrist 
j4.36%yellow 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%freezer 


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