The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.


Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%handba
ə28.99%abandon 
20.57%bracelet 
ɑ5.03%mask 
ɛ3.47%chair 
a2.75%handkerchief 
ɪ1.92%bandage 
ɔ1.63%talk 
ɒ1.23%dishwasher 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%bell 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%coast 
s22.81%ric
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%laundry 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%twenty 
ɪ22.88%security 
ə18.90%scalpe
i8.37%geography 
e4.39%vegetable 
ɪə1.70%zero 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%feud 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%gate 
27.65%cabbag
ʒ4.48%judg
d͡ʒ4.19%energ
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%helicopter 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%pillow 
15.34%tire 
i4.64%radi
ə3.88%security 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%idea 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%banj
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%mask 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%lavender 
ɫ1.39%silver 
əl0.60%real 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%pajamas 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%politician 
ŋ3.52%uncle 
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%refrigerato
ɒ26.97%continent 
əʊ16.92%zero 
o6.88%crowbar 
ʌ5.85%brother 
ɔ5.28%oil 
ɑ5.11%hospital 
u1.55%cano
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%pupil 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%brought 
r24.03%laundr
ə3.31%furnitur
əɹ3.20%temperatur
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%sleep 
z17.28%pajamas 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%pleasure 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%hot 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%butter 
ju19.51%perfume 
ə13.04%beautifu
u7.19%prune 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%pull 
ɪ1.44%guitar 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%seven 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%weather 
ʊ4.61%crowbar 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%saxophone 
ɡ11.90%exactly 
3.17%luxury 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%luxury 
ɪ15.58%boy 
10.59%why 
j4.36%lawyer 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%freezer 


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