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The English Alphabet

This page shows the English alphabet, how to pronounce the letter individually, and how the letter takes on different pronunciations within words using the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) symbols. The frequency of occurrence of that pronunciation in a large collection of words is also shown, along with an example word. Use the Spelling exercise to train your ear to the sounds of English.


Letter Capital Pronounce
aA
IPA Frequency Example
æ33.88%lavender 
ə28.99%politicia
20.57%taste 
ɑ5.03%aunt 
ɛ3.47%carrot 
a2.75%ladder 
ɪ1.92%cabbage 
ɔ1.63%walk 
ɒ1.23%dishwasher 
ʌ0.54%appointment 
bB
IPA Frequency Example
b100.00%beach 
cC
IPA Frequency Example
k77.19%scarf 
s22.81%lettuc
dD
IPA Frequency Example
d100.00%heard 
eE
IPA Frequency Example
ɛ43.75%petrol 
ɪ22.88%serious 
ə18.90%shove
i8.37%geography 
e4.39%helicopter 
ɪə1.70%deer 
fF
IPA Frequency Example
f100.00%grandfather 
gG
IPA Frequency Example
ɡ62.93%gate 
27.65%psychological 
ʒ4.48%hedg
d͡ʒ4.19%charg
g0.75%grandmother 
hH
IPA Frequency Example
h100.00%handkerchief 
iI
IPA Frequency Example
ɪ74.61%mirror 
15.34%library 
i4.64%broccoli 
ə3.88%animal 
j0.76%onion 
ʌɪ0.76%require 
jJ
IPA Frequency Example
87.62%jacket 
d͡ʒ12.38%jazz 
kK
IPA Frequency Example
k100.00%book 
lL
IPA Frequency Example
l98.00%oil 
ɫ1.39%silver 
əl0.60%real 
mM
IPA Frequency Example
m100.00%ambulance 
nN
IPA Frequency Example
n96.48%conductor 
ŋ3.52%drin
oO
IPA Frequency Example
ə30.58%crimso
ɒ26.97%frost 
əʊ16.92%wardrobe 
o6.88%coconut 
ʌ5.85%grandmother 
ɔ5.28%door 
ɑ5.11%hospital 
u1.55%sho
ʊ0.86%woman 
pP
IPA Frequency Example
p100.00%pupil 
qQ
IPA Frequency Example
rR
IPA Frequency Example
ɹ69.46%require 
r24.03%frog 
ə3.31%furnitur
əɹ3.20%during 
sS
IPA Frequency Example
s81.30%sink 
z17.28%desert 
ʃ0.74%sugar 
ʒ0.69%pleasure 
tT
IPA Frequency Example
t100.00%detective 
uU
IPA Frequency Example
ʌ48.46%dru
ju19.51%tissu
ə13.04%luxury 
u7.19%prune 
5.44%during 
ʊ4.93%butcher 
ɪ1.44%lettuce 
vV
IPA Frequency Example
v100.00%driver 
wW
IPA Frequency Example
w95.39%swallow 
ʊ4.61%crowbar 
xX
IPA Frequency Example
ks84.92%saxophone 
ɡ11.90%exit 
3.17%luxury 
yY
IPA Frequency Example
i69.47%luxury 
ɪ15.58%bicycle 
10.59%butterfly 
j4.36%lawyer 
zZ
IPA Frequency Example
z100.00%freezer 


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