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Common French Words

A list of the most common French words ordered by their frequency of use. You can use this list to learn words efficiently, ensuring you cover the basic vocabulary of French.

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1 de
     1. prep. of (expresses belonging)
           Paris est la capitale de la France. - Paris is the capital of France.
     2. prep. of (used to express property or association)
           Œuvres de Fermat - Fermat’s Works
           Elle est la femme de mon ami. - She is my friend’s wife.
un souffle de colère
de se montrer gracieux
2 le
     1. art. The (definite article).
           Le lait du matin. - The milk of the morning.
           Je suis le valeureux Don Quichotte de la Manche, le défaiseur de torts et le réparateur d’iniquités. - I am the valiant Don Quixote of La Mancha, the undoer of wrongs and the repairer of iniqui
     2. art. Used before abstract nouns; not translated in English.
     3. art. (before parts of the body) The; my, your, etc.
le comte
vint le chercher
3 la
     1. art. the (definite article).
     2. pron. her, it (direct object).
     3. n-m. (music) la, the note 'A'.
la femme
gagna la porte
4 et
     1. conj. and
et sans conducteur
et la révolution;
5 que
     1. conj. that (introduces a noun clause and connects it to its parent clause)
           Je vois que tu parles bien français. — I see that you speak French well.
     2. conj. (used with ne) only (ne ... que parses roughly as "(does) not / nothing ... other than")
           Je ne mange que des fruits. — I eat only fruits.
     3. conj. Substitutes for another, previously stated conjunction.
tandis que
tandis que lui
6 à
     1. Letter. A with grave accent, a letter used in French mostly to distinguish some homographs and in transliteration.
     2. prep. to (destination)
           Je vais à Paris. - I am going to Paris.
           aller au bout - go to the end / go all the way
     3. prep. to (until)
tout à coup
à ses pâtés
7 les
     1. art. plural of le: the
     2. art. plural of la: the
     3. pron. plural of le: them
     4. pron. plural of la: them
ne les salua pas
les dames reparurent
8 ne
     1. part. (literary) not (used alone to negate a verb; now chiefly with the verbs pouvoir, savoir, cesser and oser)
     2. part. not, no (used before a verb, with a subsequent element following; see Usage Notes, below)
     3. part. Used in a subordinate clause before a subjunctive verb (especially when the main verb expresses doubt or fear), to provide extra overtones of doubt or uncertainty (but not negating its verb); the so-c
     4. part. In comparative clauses usually translated with the positive sense of the subsequent negative
           apprendre le français est plus facile qu'on ne pense - learning French is easier than you think
ne les salua pas
il ne se leva pas
9 un
     1. art. an, a
     2. num. one
     3. n-m. one
     4. pron. one
un peuple entier;
d'un bout à l'autre
10 se
     1. pron. The third-person reflexive and reciprocal direct and indirect object pronoun.
     2. pron.          (to) himself
     3. pron.          (to) herself
     4. pron.          (to) oneself
     5. pron.          (to) itself
il ne se leva pas
puis elle se calma
11 il
     1. pron. he (third-person singular masculine subject pronoun for human subject)
     2. pron. it (third-person singular subject pronoun for grammatically masculine objects)
     3. pron. Impersonal subject; it
           Il pleut. - It’s raining.
il dit
il remarqua
12 en
     1. prep. in (used to indicate space)
           J'habite en Angleterre. - I live in England.
     2. prep. by (used to indicate means)
           aller en bus - go by bus
           partir en voiture - leave by car
en haut
il en offrit;
13 des
     1. art. plural of un; some; the plural indefinite article.
     2. art. plural of une; some; the plural indefinite article.
     3. art. plural of du; some; the plural partitive article.
     4. art. plural of de la; some; the plural partitive article.
     5. art. plural of de l'; some; the plural partitive article.
avec des fusils
des êtres hideux
     de
          1. prep. of (expresses belonging)
          2. prep. of (used to express property or association)
     les
          1. art. plural of le: the
          2. art. plural of la: the
          3. pron. plural of le: them
          4. pron. plural of la: them
     de l'
          1. art. Some; the singular prevocalic partitive article.
14 une
     1. num. feminine singular of un
     2. art. a / an (feminine indefinite article)
     3. n. front page (of a publication)
un homme et une femme
tantôt une chaumière
15 qui
     1. pron. (interrogative) who, whom
     2. pron. (relative) who, whom (after a preposition), which, that
           La personne qui parle connait bien son sujet. - The person who speaks knows his/her subject well.
           Cette voiture bleue qui passe me plait beaucoup. - This blue car which is passing I like a lot.
           J’aime les chiens qui sont calmes. - I like dogs that are quiet.
qui l'eût su, d'ailleurs
qui ne venait pas volontiers
16 je
     1. pron. I
je suis partie
je vous le jure
17 dans
     1. prep. in (inside)
           Il habite dans le quartier le plus riche de Paris. - He lives in the richest district of Paris.
     2. prep. in, into (from outside, to inside)
           Mettre l'argent dans la poche.
             Put money into one's pocket.
dans la voiture
dans cette neige
18 ce
     1. det. this, that
     2. pron. it, this, that
ce qu'il veut
... ce qu'il veut
19 du
     1. contraction. contraction of de + le (of the)
     2. contraction. contraction of de + le ; (forms the partitive article)
les vases du fleuve
et le besoin du négoce
     de
          1. prep. of (expresses belonging)
          2. prep. of (used to express property or association)
     le
          1. art. The (definite article).
          2. art. Used before abstract nouns; not translated in English.
          3. art. (before parts of the body) The; my, your, etc.
20 pas
     1. n-m. step, pace, footstep
     2. n-m. (geography) strait (e.g., Pas de Calais, "Strait of Dover")
     3. adv. (ne ... pas) not
           Je ne sais pas. - I don't know
     4. adv. (colloquial, spoken) not
pas autre chose
mais je n'irai pas
Dictionary entries from Wiktionary




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